Phrasal Verb Thesaurus
|saddle * up +||上馬鞍；給 (馬) 裝鞍具||She saddled up the horse and rode off.|
|saddle * with||使負重擔；使承擔苦差事||They saddled me with preparing the visit.|
|sag off +||未去上班或上學或提早下班或放學 (學生提前離開學校) -- 英式英語||I was bored so I sagged off work early and went home.|
|sail into +||斥責 (某人)，抨擊 (某人)||He sailed into me for turning up an hour late.|
|sail through +||輕而易舉地通過 (考試等)||He sailed through the final test.|
The townspeople sallied forth to
fight the invading army.
Though it was pouring with rain, we sallied out to meet her.
|salt * away +||存 (錢)，儲蓄(錢等)||She's making a lot of money, but salts it away rather than spending it.|
|save on +||(減少或避免消費來) 降低支出||I use Skype to save on my phone bills.|
|save * up +||存 (錢)，儲蓄||I hope I will be able to save up enough money to go to school.|
|save * up +||收集或儲存 (某物以為將來之用)||I'm saving up the receipts to claim on them all at once.|
|saw at +||(為切割某物而) 拉鋸般來回移動||Tony was sawing at the piece of chicken with his knife.|
|saw * off +||鋸掉；鋸去||He sawed off the legs of the chair.|
|saw * up +||把 … 鋸成小段||We sawed the plank up to make the shelves.|
|scale * back/down +||縮減，縮小 (規模、數量等)||
They had to
scale back the project because of the costs.
The search operation has been scaled down.
|scale * up +||增加，擴大 (規模、數量等)||They are scaling up the program because it has been so successful.|
|scare * away/off +||把...嚇跑，把...嚇得喪失勇氣||The cat scared the birds away.|
The company is
scouting about for new staff.
We scouted around to find the best price.
|scout * out +||搜索；(經過四處尋找) 發現，找到 (某人或某物)||The researcher spent months scouting out the answer.|
|scout * up +||尋找某人來做某項工作||We'd better scout up a replacement for her.|
|scrape along||勉強過日子，勉強餬口||I've been scraping along on temporary work since I lost my job.|
|scrape by||勉強過關||I thought I was going to fail, but scraped by with 51%.|
|scrape in||勉強進入，擠進去；勉強被接受，勉強被錄取，勉強取得進入的資格||The government scraped in with 51% of the votes cast.|
|scrape into +||勉強取得進入的資格||She got mediocre grades and just scraped into university.|
|scrape through +||勉強通過 (考試)，勉強及格||I did no revision and only just scraped through the final exams.|
|scrape * together +||勉強籌措 (金錢)||I had to search my flat for money to scrape together what I needed.|
|scrape * up +||勉強湊集 (金錢)||It took me ages to scrape up the money for the tickets.|
|screen * off +||(以活動牆或屏風等) 將 (房間某部分) 隔開||We screened off the area where we had the discussion from the rest of the meeting.|
|screen * out +||篩選，淘汰||Applicants without the right qualifications were screened out.|
|screen * out +||遮住，擋住 (光線)||The sun cream screens out UV light.|
|screen * out +||不理會 (某事)||There are so many notices and signs that I have started screening them out.|
|screw around||浪費時間||He spent all day long screwing around and got nothing done.|
|screw * up +||搞砸，弄亂，弄壞，使一塌糊塗；考試不及格||Mary screwed up his oral exam but still managed to scrape a pass.|
|see about +||安排；處理，料理；考慮，細想||My dad said he was going to see about buying me a car.|
|see * into||帶 (某人) 進入 (辦公室等)||Her secretary saw me into her office.|
|see * off +||把 (某人) 趕走，把 (某人) 驅逐出...||A cat came into the back garden but the dog soon saw it off.|
|see * off||到 (機場、車站等) 給 (某人) 送行||Did you see your sister off at the train station?|
|see * out||送 (某人) 到門口||Are you sure you're going? I'll get your coats and see you out.|
|see * through||(儘管困難，但仍) 堅持到底，貫徹始終地完成 (某事)，把...進行到底，有始有終||Are you going to be able to see your studies through now that you have a baby?|
|see through +||看穿，識破 (某人、伎倆、說謊、欺騙等)||The police quickly saw through her disguise and arrested her.|
|see to +||確保某事會發生；處理；關照 ，照料；負責，著手辦理||
I'll see to
it that Mr. Ramirez gets your message.
He saw to the arrangements and everything ran smoothly and efficiently.
|sell * off +||出售事業或事業的一部份||They sold off their research subsidiary.|
|sell * off +||廉價出售，廉價處理掉 (因為你需要錢或不需要那些東西)||She sold off her furniture before she emigrated.|
|sell * on +||轉賣||We buy them at a low price and sell them on for a huge profit.|
|sell out||售罄，賣完||I went to get some bread, but the shop had sold out.|
|sell * out + /sell out||出賣 ，背叛；叛變，變節；屈服，放棄或背叛原則||
My partner in
crime sold me out for a reduced jail sentence.
Most bands sell out when they sign to a major record label, and forget all their principles when pursuing chart success.
|sell up||賣掉房子、商店或公司 ( 以便搬到別的地方或做別的工作)||We want to sell up and move to the country.|
|send * back +||退還，歸還，送還||If you're not satisfied with the meal in this restaurant, you should send it back.|
|send for +||派人去叫 (某人)，去請 (某人來幫忙)||I had to send for a plumber because the radiator was leaking.|
|send * in +||派人去解決某問題||The police were send in to quell the riot as the protesters had started burning cars and wrecking shops.|
|send in||寄送或呈交 (信件或文件來獲得某資料)||If you want to enter the competition, you have to send in for an entry form.|
|send * off +||罰 (球員) 出場||The football striker was sent off for arguing with the referee's decision.|
|send * off +||寄出，郵寄，發送||I must send this letter off today otherwise it won't get there in time.|
|send off for +||郵購||I send off for some jeans that I liked in the catalogue.|
|send * out +||發出，寄出 (信件等給許多人)||They sent out a mailshot (郵寄廣告；慈善募款信) to all their existing customers.|
|send out for +||以電話訂購外帶食物||We couldn't be bothered to cook, so we sent out for a pizza.|
|send * up +||模仿某人或某事 (來進行嘲弄、諷刺、挖苦或獲致喜劇效果)||The mischievous schoolboy was standing at the front of the class, sending the teacher up, when the teacher opened the door behind him.|
|set about +||開始，著手 (某事或做某事)||We set about the cleaning and got it done before lunchtime.|
|set * apart||使與眾不同||The quality of their work sets them apart from their rivals.|
|set * aside +||撤銷法院判決；宣布 (協議、決定、判決) 無效||The Appeal Court set aside the guilty verdict because the evidence was unsatisfactory and declared her not guilty.|
|set * back||使 (某人) 花費 (金錢)||The car repairs set me back NT$8,000.|
|set * forth +||充分解釋；詳細列舉||He set forth his ideas in his autobiography.|
|set forth||動身，啟程，出發||We set forth at daybreak for the summit of the mountain.|
|set in||(壞天氣或不好的季節) 開始，來臨||Winter has set in; it's started snowing.|
|set * off +||使爆炸，點燃||Terrorists set off a car bomb in the city centre last night. Fortunately, no one was hurt or killed.|
|set * off +||觸發 (警報)；引起 (機械反應)||The smoke set the fire alarm off.|
|set off||出發，啟程，動身||We set off for work at seven-thirty.|
|set * off +||抵銷 (債務)，使平衡||The company set off its overseas debts against its profits at home.|
|set * out +||陳列，呈現，展示||The figures are set out in the council's annual report.|
|set out||動身，啟程，出發||The explorers set out for the South Pole yesterday morning.|
|set to||賣力地做；大幹起來||If we all set to, we should be able to finish this in a few hours.|
|set * up||安排男女見面認識||My mom set me up with her friend's son.|
|set * up||陷害||I don't think he killed those men. Somebody set him up.|
|set up +||安排 (約會，會議，會面等)||I set up an appointment with my doctor at 3:30 this afternoon.|
|set * up +||安裝 (軟體、設備等)||The technician set up the computer network perfectly.|
|set * up +||設立，開辦，創辦，創立 (公司，組織，機構等)||They set up a dot com company, floated it a couple of years later on the Stock Exchange and made an absolute fortune.|
|set upon +||攻擊；襲擊||They set upon her when she was in the car park.|
|settle down||定居，成家，安定下來，安下心來||After years of partying and drinking, she finally got married and settled down.|
|settle for +||勉強接受...，勉強做...，將就著同意...||We were upset not to win and had to settle for the second prize.|
|settle in||(使) 習慣於...；(使) 適應於...||It took him a while to settle in when he moved to Japan.|
|settle on +||決定，選定；同意||I settled on the job at the oil company.|
|settle up||付清 (欠債)；結清 (帳單)||We need to settle up before you move.|
|sex * up +||使更有吸引力；美化資料或數據來使其更吸引讀者或聽眾||The government denied that they had sexed up the report to make the front page.|
|shack up||(未婚者與異性) 同居||They shacked up a few months after they started going out.|
|shack up||暫住||We had to shack up with friends while our house was being decorated.|
|shade * in +||(在圖上) 著深色；塗深色||She shaded in the area under the tree.|
|shake * down +||搜查，搜索 (某人或某處)||The police shook the house down looking for drugs.|
|shake * down||敲詐；勒索||He shook the guy down with some story about needing the money for an operation.|
|shake * off +||痊癒||It took me ages to shake off the cough.|
|shake * out +||把 ... 抖乾淨||
He took the
tablecloth outside and shook it out after dinner.
You should have shaken the dust out of the rug.
|shake * up +||使震驚；使不安||The news of her death really shook me up.|
|shake * up +||改組；整頓||The management are shaking things up and getting rid of a lot of workers.|
|shape up||(正面地) 發展；好轉||Things are shaping up at work- everything's going well again.|
|shape up||開始學好，規矩起來，進步；好好幹||If they don't start shaping up, they're going to lose their jobs.|
|shave * off +||刮掉 (毛髮)；剃掉 (毛髮)||He has shaved off his moustache and looks much younger.|
|shave * off +||(少量，小額) 削減||He shaved a few thousand off the budget for the year.|
|shell * out +||(在...上) 花 (一大筆錢) -- 尤其是當花錢者認為太貴時。||I had to shell out a hundred dollars on the dinner.|
|ship * off +||把 (某人) 送走 (通常是因為某人常出問題，而被送者通常不情願)||He was causing a lot of trouble, so they shipped him off to another branch.|
|ship * out +||運走||We shipped the order out two days ago.|
|ship out||離開 (某地)||If you've finished your work, I'm ready to ship out.|
|shoot away||快速離開 (某地)；馬上離開 (某地)||He shot away as soon as the bell rang for the end of the lesson.|
|shoot back||快速返回；馬上回去||I'm shooting back home to pick up some things I forgot to bring with me.|
|shoot for +||力求達到 (某個目標)||I’m shooting for nothing less than the presidency.|
|shoot off||快速離開 (某地)；馬上離開 (某地)||I'll have to shoot off as soon as the lesson finishes, otherwise I'll miss my train.|
|shoot out||短暫外出||I'm shooting out to the shops for a bottle of wine.|
|shoot up||快速增長；猛漲||The share prices of internet companies have been shooting up lately.|
|shoot up||突然出現||There were pubs shooting up all over the city.|
|shoot * up +||開槍擊毀||The gangsters shot up the pub.|
|short out||(使) 短路||The battery shorted out when it got wet.|
|shout about||張揚||Failing your English exam is nothing to shout about.|
|shout * down +||大聲喊叫以壓倒 (某人) 的聲音||His efforts to raise the issue were shouted down.|
|shout * out +||突然大喊；突然大聲說||Cindy shouted out my name.|
|show * around/round||帶 (某人) 參觀 (某地)；給 (某人) 做嚮導||The estate agent showed us around the house but we didn't like it much.|
|show * in +||帶 (某人) 進來；帶 (某人) 進去||The secretary showed me in to speak to the manager.|
|show * off +||炫耀；賣弄||He always shows off his new things.|
|show off||表現自己；炫耀自己；賣弄自己||Young boys show off in order to impress girls.|
|show * off +||使醒目；使顯眼||The shirt really showed off his new tie.|
|show * out||送 (某人) 到門口；送 (某人) 出去||Her secretary showed me out after the interview.|
|show * over||帶 (某人) 參觀或遊覽 (某處)||He showed us over the scene of the accident.|
|show through||(感情、情緒或氣質等) 表現出來，表露出來||His anger showed through despite his smile.|
|show * up||使 (某人) 難堪；使 (某人) 蒙羞、丟臉||He showed us up when he arrived drunk and started arguing.|
|show up||到來，出現，露面，出席||I hadn't seen my cousin for years, and all of a sudden, he showed up at my workplace yesterday!|
|show up||顯現出來，顯露出來||The downturn in sales showed up in the company's accounts.|
|shrug * off +||對...不予理會；對...不屑一顧||He shrugged off the criticism and carried on the same way.|
|shut * away||把 (某人) 關起來；隔離||Many people have been shut away in psychiatric hospitals for disagreeing with the government.|
|shut * down +||(使) 關閉；(使) 停業||The shop shut down when the out-of-town supermarket opened.|
|shut * down +||(使) (電腦) 關機；(使) 停止運轉||You should close all programs before you shut a computer down.|
|shut * in||把 (人或動物) 關在 (某處)||Is it kind to shut the cat in the house all day?|
|shut * off +||關掉 (機器、開關等)；切斷 (水或電)；使...不接觸，將...隔離||
If you don't pay
your electric bill, your power is going to get shut off.
They shut the water off while they did the repairs.
|shut * out +||把 (某物) 擋在外面；把 (某人) 關在外面||You have to shut your feelings out to deal with it.|
|shut out of +||(通常用被動態) 不允許做；無法參加||He's been shut out of the discussions.|
|shut * up||使住嘴；使閉嘴||Would someone shut him up! He's talking so loudly that we're going to get in trouble.|
|shut * up +||把 (房屋) 鎖起來 (封起來)；把 (商店或其他營業場所) 關閉 (一段時間)||They shut the shop up for a fortnight while they were on holiday.|
|shy away from +||(因緊張、害怕或沒自信而) 迴避...，避開...，避免做...||Many learners shy away from using phrasal verbs.|
|side with +||支持 (某人)；袒護 (某人)；站在 (某人) 一邊||She always sided with my brother.|
|sidle up to +||偷偷地 (或悄悄地) 接近某人||
A man sidled
up to me and whispered his name.
A woman sidled up to me and asked if I wanted a ticket for the match.
|sift through +||仔細檢查 (資料、文件等)；翻遍...查找||We had to sift through thousands of files before we found what we were looking for.|
|sign * away +||簽字放棄或讓與 (合法權利或財產權)||He signed away his rights to compensation when he signed the contract.|
|sign * for||代替 (某人) 簽收 (包裹或信件)||My boss was out for the day, so I signed her letters for her.|
|sign * in +||登記||We signed in and went straight to bed.|
|sign in||簽入、登入 (需要帳號和密碼的網站、電腦程式等)||I signed in and started chatting online.|
|sign * in +||簽到||You have to sign in before you can enter the club.|
|sign into +||簽入、登入 (需要帳號和密碼的網站、電腦程式等)||I sign into MSN Messenger automatically when I boot up.|
|sign off||寫到此為止；停筆||I'll sign off now, but will write again next week.|
|sign off||(電視或電台) 停止播出||It's time to sign off for the day; listen again tomorrow.|
|sign off||辭職||After ten years, I at last decided to sign off and go into business by myself.|
|sign off||停止請領失業給付 (或救濟金)||I signed off when I got my new job.|
|sign off||停止做某事並離開||I'm signing off now and going home- I'm shattered.|
|sign on||請領失業給付 (或救濟金)||I had to sign on when I lost my job.|
|sign on||同意；參加||I've signed on to help at the village fete.|
|sign on||開始播出||Let's use a nice cheerful tune to sign on in the morning.|
|sign * on +||雇用||We've signed on two new teachers.|
|sign on with +||簽約加入；簽約受雇於||He's signed on with Washington Nationals for the next three years.|
|sign out||簽出、登出 (需要帳號和密碼的網站、電腦程式等)||I signed out and then shut the computer down.|
|sign * out +||簽名登記後領走或借走 (某物)||Could you sign those books out, please?|
|sign out of +||簽出、登出 (需要帳號和密碼的網站、電腦程式等)||I signed out of MSN Messenger and shut the computer down.|
|sign up||報名參加 (組織、團體、課程等)||
I've signed up
as a volunteer.
She's decided to sign up for the music school.
|sign up||訂閱||I signed up for their newsletter.|
|sign with +||與...簽約||She's signed with EMI (百代唱片) for the next few years.|
|simmer down||鎮靜下來，冷靜下來，安靜下來||He told them to simmer down because they were disturbing the class next door.|
She sang along
when they played it on the radio.
If you know the lyrics, sing along.
Paul sang out.
When you hear your name, sing out!
|sing out||大聲唱||Everyone sang out during the chorus.|
|sing up||唱大聲一點||We can't hear you - sing up.|
|single * out +||選出；挑出||A lot of people applied for the job but we will single out the best one.|
|sink in||逐漸被瞭解||The truth finally sank in about her death when it was broadcast on TV.|
|sit about/around||(尤指應該工作卻) 閒坐著，無所事事地坐著||We spent the afternoon sitting about chatting instead of doing any work.|
|sit back||不採取行動，袖手旁觀||We sat back and waited for them to make the first mistake.|
|sit back||舒服地坐著||I sat back and enjoyed the show.|
|sit by||坐視不管，袖手旁觀，無動於衷||I can't sit by while they are punished wrongly.|
|sit * down||協助 (某人) 就座||The nurse sat me down in a chair.|
|sit for +||(指當模特兒或拍照時) 為...擺姿勢||The Queen sat for another official portrait.|
|sit for +||替人家照顧小孩 (尤指小孩的父母不在家時)||She sits for her neighbors when they go out.|
|sit in +||靜坐示威，靜坐抗議||The students sat in the Library as a protest against the increase in tuition fees.|
|sit in for +||臨時代替 (某人)||I'll be sitting in for the secretary at the meeting tonight.|
|sit in on +||列席旁聽||
She sat in on
the meeting and took notes but said nothing.
Do you mind if I sit in on your class this afternoon?
|sit on +||成為...的一員||She's sat on the finance committee from the beginning.|
|sit on +||嚴加管教 (某人)，嚴厲管束 (某人)；壓制 (某人)；訓斥 (某人) 使其閉嘴或不鬧事||If his girlfriend finds out, she'll get mad and sit on him.|
|sit on +||將...擱置不理；拖延||The government have been sitting on the report because it was so critical.|
|sit * out +||坐在一旁，不參加||I had to sit the game out because I was ill.|
|sit over +||慢慢地吃或喝||We sat over dinner discussing the plans.|
|sit through +||一直挨到 (不愉快之事) 結束；耐著性子聽完或看完||I was bored and wanted to leave halfway through, but we sat through the film.|
|sit with +||與...一致，與...相符||It's hard to see how their new plan sits with the promises they made.|
|size * up +||評估；判斷||The doorstaff sized up everyone entering the club.|
|size * up +||使某物變大；製造尺寸較大的產品||Soft drinks manufacturers have sized up their products in recent years.|
|skive off||逃 (學)；逃 (課)；逃避 (工作)||I pretended I was ill and skived off on Monday.|
|slack off||減緩；減弱；減少；放鬆；鬆弛||Students usually begin the term well, then slack off near the end of the semester.|
|slacken off||(使...) 放慢；減緩；減弱||Work slackens off during the holiday period.|
|slag * off +||(嚴厲) 批評；詆毀；責難||The concert was terrible and all the papers slagged the band off.|
|slant toward +||偏愛；偏袒||That travel magazine is totally slanted toward the ultra-rich.|
|sleep around||跟很多人發生性關係；濫交||He's slept around a lot since his divorce.|
|sleep in||睡懶覺；晚起床||Let's sleep in tomorrow morning - we won't have another chance for weeks.|
|sleep * off +||(尤指吃多或喝多後) 以睡眠來消除 (不適)；以睡眠來消除 (藥物的作用、生氣等)||
She went to bed
to sleep off the effects of the tequila.
He should be able to sleep off the effects of the drug within a few hours.
|sleep on +||(徹夜) 思考 (某事)||My boss said she'd have to sleep on it when I asked her for a raise.|
|sleep over||在別人家過夜||The au pair made tea for the friends who were sleeping over.|
|sleep through +||在...期間未能醒來；因睡著而沒有聽見或看見||I sleep through the storm even though the wind blew some slates off the roof.|
|slice * off +||切下；減少||They sliced 10% off the original price.|
|slice * up +||全部切成片或切成塊||I sliced the cake up and handed it round to the people there.|
|slip away||溜，溜走||They managed to slip away early.|
|slip away||(時間) 悄然地消逝，不知不覺地過去||Three years has slipped away since her husband's death.|
|slip away||錯過或失去 (成功、致勝等的) 機會或希望||Their hopes of getting back into the game slipped away after the second goal.|
|slip by||(時間) 悄然地消逝，不知不覺地過去||Three years has slipped by since her husband's death.|
|slip by||錯過或失去 (成功、致勝等的) 機會或希望||Mary had the chance to switch jobs, but she let it slip by.|
|slip * in +||(不引人注意地) 插入 (話題)||He slipped in a mention of his exam results to remind us how well he did.|
|slip into +||迅速穿上 (衣服)||I got out of my suit and slipped into my pajamas.|
|slip into +||逐漸陷入 (不良的習慣或不好的狀態、處境等)||The country is slipping into recession.|
|slip off||悄悄地離開 (某地)；不動聲色地離開 (某地)||The party was very boring so we slipped off before it finished.|
|slip * off +||迅速脫掉 (衣服)||I slipped my shoes off when I entered.|
|slip off to +||不動聲色地前往某地||We slipped off to the pub.|
|slip * on +||迅速穿上 (衣服)||Jack slipped his jacket on and rushed outside.|
|slip out||悄悄地離開 (某地)；不動聲色地離開 (某地)||The party was really dull so we slipped out and went to the pub instead.|
|slip up||犯錯，失誤，有疏漏||The waitress slipped up and didn't bring us what we had ordered.|
about all day as I couldn't be bothered to do any work.
I spent the day slobbing around at home.
|slope off||溜走；開小差||The lecture sounded really boring, so I sloped off and went to the pub.|
|slough * off +||拋棄，丟棄||The government is increasing its powers but is sloughing off responsibility for its failures.|
|slough * off +||(尤指蛇) 脫 (皮)，蛻 (皮)||Snakes slough off their old skin.|
|slough * off +||(對傷害或侮辱) 置之不理或等閒視之||He sloughed off the pain and continued running.|
|slow * down +||(使) 慢了下來；(使) 減緩；(使) 減速||Because Mary's level in English is lower than the rest of the students, she slows the class down.|
|slow down||(活動的) 減少||It is important to slow down, rest, and eat sensibly.|
|slow * up +||(使) 慢了下來；(使) 減緩；(使) 減速||Because Mary's level in English is lower than the rest of the students, she slows the class up.|
|slug it out||激烈地戰鬥到底||They slugged it out for hours but never came to an agreement.|
|smack of +||帶有 ... 味道，含有 ... 意味 (通常指負面的意味)||The government's decision smacks of hypocrisy.|
|smash * down +||打破，打碎；(使) 粉碎||The police smashed the door down to get into the house.|
|smash * in +||連續猛擊某物使之粉碎||He smashed the windscreen in.|
|smash * up +||(使) 粉碎||The burglars smashed up the office as there was no money to steal.|
|smoke * out||用煙將 (人、動物或昆蟲) 燻出||The police smoked the gang out and arrested them.|
|snaffle * up +||(尤指在別人之前) 買到；拿到；吃掉||They snaffled up all the food before we got there.|
|snap * off +||折斷||He snapped off a bit of chocolate from the bar and gave it to me.|
|snap out of it||打起精神來；重新振作起來||I was feeling depressed and knew I had to snap out of it.|
|snap to it||趕快，快點||He had taken ages so I told him to snap to it and get it finished.|
|snap * up +||把...搶先弄到手；搶購||Collectors snapped up every copy the day it was released.|
|snarl * up +||糾纏在一起||My line was all snarled up after I caught that last fish.|
|sneak out||偷偷溜走；悄悄離開||Although the thieves tried to sneak out after dark, we were ready for them.|
|sneak up on +||偷偷地接近 (某人)；躡手躡腳地走近 (某人)||Harry tried to sneak up on the guard, but was seen anyway.|
|sniff around/round||四處查看 (看看是否有好的或更好的東西)||I sniffed around to see if I could find a better deal.|
|sniff at +||對...嗤之以鼻；輕蔑地批評||A job opportunity like that is not to be sniffed at. (not to be sniffed at：非常好；值得認真考慮；不可嗤之以鼻)|
|sniff * out +||聞出，嗅出 (通常指狗)||Customs use dogs to sniff out illegal drugs being smuggled in.|
|sniff * out +||察覺到或感覺到 (某壞事)；挖掘 (某人不想為人所知的事情、內幕等)||Our rivals are trying to sniff out our plans for expansion.|
|snitch on +||告發、檢舉 (某人)；告 (某人) 的狀；打 (某人) 的小報告||David was caught after someone snitched on him to the teacher.|
|snuff out +||(用手指或熄燭器) 熄滅 (燭火)；熄滅 (火焰等)||I snuffed out the candles before I went to bed.|
|snuff out +||殺死 (人)；(尤指用武力) 終結，扼殺，撲滅||
He got snuffed
out in a gang war.
It was the government's most brutal attempt to snuff out the rebellion.
|snuff out +||扼殺 (機會、不同意見等)，否定，禁止||I messed up the first question, which snuffed out my chances of getting a good grade.|
|sober up||酒醒；(酒醉後) 清醒||Keith sobered up a bit when we left the pub and walked home.|
|sober * up||使 (某人) 酒醒；使 (某人) 清醒||The news seemed to sober him up instantly.|
|soften * up +||(進攻前用轟炸等) 削弱 (敵人的防禦措施)||The bombardment softened up their defenses; I think we can move in tomorrow.|
|soften * up +||瓦解...的反抗，化解...的反對，使軟化||I paid for everything to soften them up before they made the decision.|
|soldier on||(不畏困難地) 繼續幹下去||Life got hard for my dog when he went blind, but he just soldiered on and never complained.|
|sort * out +||處理，解決 (問題)||Has the firm sorted out its tax problems yet?|
|sound off (about)||大發議論；抒發不滿；高談闊論，誇誇其談||He sounded off about the quality of the food.|
|sound * out +||試探...的意見；探聽...的意圖；探詢||You should sound her out to get her opinion before you go ahead with the plan.|
|spark * off +||導致，引發 (激烈或不愉快的事)||The riot was sparked off by the police raid on the club.|
|spark * up +||點燃香菸或大麻菸||They sparked up in a no smoking area.|
People are afraid to speak out in oppressive political regimes.
|speak up||說大聲一點||They couldn't hear the speaker and asked him to speak up a bit.|
|spell * out +||清楚地說明；詳細地解釋||
He's so stupid
that you have to spell everything out for him.
He won't understand you unless you spell everything out for him.
|spew * out +||(使) 噴出，(使) 湧出||The volcano is spewing out lava and hot gases.|
|spew up||嘔吐||He spewed up when he was drunk.|
|spill out||(人) 蜂擁而出||The crowd spilled out onto the streets after the match had ended.|
|spill out||從箱子、容器等流出、倒出、掉出||The container was cracked and the chemicals spilled out.|
|spill out||公開地表達或流露情緒||Mary always lets her frustration spill out.|
|spill over||擴散 (到其他地區)||The protests and demonstrations have spilled over into neighboring provinces.|
|spill over||溢出||My wife forgot to turn the tap off and the water spilled over.|
|spin * off +||產生意想不到的額外利益；作為副產品來生產||The research spun off a number of new products as well as solving the problem.|
|spin * off +||(從現有公司脫離出來) 組成 (一家單獨或部分獨立的子公司)||They spun off the retail division last year.|
|spin * off +||(利用走紅節目的演員來) 拍攝 (另一電視節目)||They spun it off from the main show, but it didn't really attract many viewers.|
|spin out||(車輛) 失控||The car hit the water and spun out.|
|spin * out +||使盡可能持久、經久||I spun the work out to make as much money from the job as I could.|
|spirit * away +||偷偷地帶走||They spirited the girl away before the police arrived.|
|spirit * off +||偷偷地帶走||
that guy off before any trouble started.
Protesters were spirited away/off before they could cause a disruption.
|spit it out||(叫某人把不想說的事情) 爽爽快快地說出來||Hurry up, spit it out! I can't wait all day for the truth.|
|spit * out +||憤怒地表示；憤怒地說出||He spat her name out when he saw her arrive.|
|splash down||(太空梭) 降落在海中||Apollo 13 splashed down after a harrowing flight.|
|splash out||大手筆花錢||We went to an expensive restaurant and splashed out to celebrate.|
|splash out on +||花大錢 (購買)||I splashed out on a new camera.|
|split * up +||分組||The teacher split the class up into groups of four.|
|split up||離婚；分手||They are always splitting up and then getting back together again.|
|spoil for +||一心想 (打架、吵架、衝突等) -- 通常用於進行式或完成進行式||He's been spoiling for an argument all day.|
|sponge * down +||用海綿擦拭乾淨||I'll sponge it down before putting it away.|
|sponge off +||依賴 (某人) 生活；寄居在 (某人) 家裡||Let’s go to Taipei, we can always sponge off my brother there.|
|sponge on +||不勞而獲得金錢或接受金錢||A lot of people are sponging on the state by claiming benefits they're not entitled to.|
|spring back||彈回||The lock springs back when the key is turned.|
|spring for +||替他人付...的錢；請客||She is going to spring for all their medical bills.|
|spring from +||突然出現；突然從...冒出來||He sprang from the bushes when I walked past.|
|spring from +||來自於；起源於；出身於||His anger springs from his feelings of insecurity.|
|spring * on (spring sth on sb)||突然或出其不意地向某人宣布或提出某事||They sprang a birthday party on me at work.|
|spring up||(如雨後春筍般) 湧現；突然而迅速地出現；迅速增長||
Charity shops are
springing up in the recession.
In southern California new Internet companies were springing up every day.
|spruce * up +||把...弄整潔；把...打扮漂亮||We spruced the flat up before we put it on the market.|
|spur * on +||鞭策、激勵或鼓舞某人做某事||The thought of the bonus spurred her on to complete the work on time.|
|square * away +||使...準備就緒||
There are few
things I have to square away before I can leave.
The project should be squared away in the summer.
|square off||擺好打鬥姿勢||The two drunks squared off and the barman had to intervene before a fight broke out.|
|square off against +||擺好打鬥姿勢||They squared off against the police when they arrived.|
|square up||結清 (債務)；誰也不欠誰||Can I square up with you for last night?|
|square up||擺好打鬥姿勢||The companies are squared up for a fight.|
|square up to +||勇敢地面對；正視||They need to square up to what they did wrong if we are to make any progress.|
|square with +||與...相符；與...一致||What he said doesn't square with what the others said.|
|square * with (square sth with sb)||(做某事之前) 先得到 (某人的) 允許||
I'll have to
square that with my boss before I can confirm it.
I'll have to square it with the manager first.
|squeeze up||硬擠 (在一小空間)||Four of us had to squeeze up in the back of the car.|
|stack * up +||堆起，疊起||I stacked up the boxes.|
|stack * up +||累積||I've been stacking up a lot of air miles.|
|stack up||積壓||Work stacked up while I was away on holiday.|
|stack up||(飛機) 待命盤旋準備降落||Planes were stacking up while the airport was closed after the bomb threat.|
|stack up against +||相比；比得上||
The new model
doesn't stack up against the old one.
Our product stacks up against those of our competitors.
|staff * up +||為 (某特定計畫、專案或工作) 雇用人員||They haven't staffed the project up yet.|
|stamp * out +||消除；消滅；杜絕||The government has started a campaign to stamp out drugs in schools.|
|stand about/around||(通常指該做事時) 閒站著不做事，呆呆地站著；懶散地站著，懶散地站在...附近||
Don't let the
boss see you standing about doing nothing.
We stood around drinking coffee before the lecture.
We stood around for an hour waiting for them to turn up.
|stand aside||閃開，讓開 (路)，站到一邊||
please, the firemen can't get through.
They quickly stood aside to let me pass.
|stand aside||(尤指應該努力防止時) 袖手旁觀||You can't just stand aside and see the child badly treated.|
|stand aside||讓位；(在競爭中) 退出||The prime minister should stand aside and let a new leader head the party.|
|stand back||往後退；遠離 (尤指危險物)||We stood back while he lit the firework.|
|stand back||置身事外或採取不同的觀點以便清楚思考或瞭解 (某事)||We need to stand back and look at the problem differently.|
|stand by +||支持，挺 (某人)||He stood by her throughout the trial as he believed her to be innocent.|
I need you to
stand by and answer the phone when my broker calls.
The emergency services were standing by waiting for the plane to land.
|stand down||(尤指從要職) 退下來，辭職||The minister announced her intention to stand down at the next election.|
|stand down||(在法庭作證後) 退席||The judge told the witness to stand down after the questioning.|
|stand for +||是...的縮寫；代表||
SCUBA stands for
"self contained underwater breathing apparatus."
'What do the letters BBC stand for? ' 'British Broadcasting Corporation.'
|stand for +||忍受；容忍 (通常用於否定句)||
I won't stand for
people criticizing me.
I'm not going to stand for their rudeness any longer.
|stand in for +||暫時代替 (某人)||
She had to
stand in for the editor while he was on holiday.
I'll be standing in for David while he's away.
Mary is so
beautiful! She really stands out in a crowd.
She stood out from the crowd in selection and was offered the job.
|stand up||起立；站立||Everybody stood up when the judge entered the court.|
|stand * up||爽約；放 (某人) 鴿子||
I arranged to
meet Joe at the library at 8:00, but he stood me up. I hope he has a
Did she stand you up?
|stand up for +||捍衛；保衛； 支持；為...挺身而出||
must stand up for what they believe in.
He's the kind of manager who will always stand up for his staff.
|stand up to +||抗 (酸)；耐 (熱、寒等)||This coat will stand up to the roughest weather conditions.|
|stand up to +||抵抗；頂回去；勇敢地對抗||
I think you
should stand up to your older brother and tell him to stop pushing you
She stood up to the police when they tried to corrupt her.
|stare * down/out||盯得 (某人) 不敢再對視；盯得 (某人) 感到緊張||
Children enjoy a
silly competition in which they try to stare each other down.
The time and place were not suitable for an argument, but at least I could express my opposition to the woman by staring her out.
|start * off +||開始||They started off the meeting with an attack on our performance.|
|start off||開始從事；開始於||She started off as a receptionist and ended up as the CEO.|
|start off||出發，動身，啟程||We started off early because we knew the journey would take all day.|
|start * off||使 (某人) 笑出來||I was trying to be serious, but their comment started me off.|
|start * off on||協助 (某人) 開始一項工作或活動||I started her off on the project then left her to finish it.|
|start on +||開始做、吃、喝等||It's time to start on that bottle of wine.|
|start on +||開始批評；開始抱怨||The manager was furious and started on her staff for not trying hard enough.|
|start on at +||批評；嘮叨，碎碎唸；挑 (某人) 毛病||He started on at me for being late.|
|start out||出發，動身，啟程||We started out early in the morning.|
|start out as +||開始從事；開始於||He started out as a salesperson before turning to writing novels.|
|start out to (do sth)||打算；計畫||I didn't start out to become the boss - it just happened.|
|start over||重新開始；重頭做起||It's a mess - I think we should just start over.|
|start * up +||創辦，創立||He left the company last year to start up his own business.|
|start up||(聲音) 出現||There was a pause, and then the noise started up again.|
|start up||(引擎) 發動||The car started up first time.|
|start * up +||發動 (引擎)||I started the car up.|
|stash * away +||貯藏，存放，藏匿||I stashed some money away behind some books.|
|stave * in +||(由外向內) 打破，砸破，砸穿，撞破，撞凹||The side of the car was staved in from the accident.|
|stave * off +||防止；避開||We managed to stave off some of the more embarrassing questions.|
|stay away||不要來；離遠點||He said he didn't like them coming and wanted them to stay away.|
|stay away from +||避開；離...遠點||He told them to stay away from him.|
|stay in||待在家裡||I think I'd rather stay in tonight.|
|stay on||繼續留下來||She stayed on after she graduated to do a Master's degree.|
|stay out||在外逗留；不回家||We stayed out all night.|
It takes you so
long to take the bus home, so why don't you just stay over?
I stayed over at a friend's house last night because of the train strike.
stayed up until way past their bedtime.
Kevin could stay up all night without getting tired.
|steal away||偷偷離開 (某地)||We didn't want to wake them, so we stole away in the middle of the night.|
|steal out||偷偷離開||Not wanting to attract attention, she stole out early.|
|steal over +||逐漸有某種情緒或感覺||A feeling of pride stole over me as I watched.|
|steal up||偷偷接近，靠近||The lights were off and everything was quiet so we stole up as quietly as we could.|
|steal up on +||偷偷接近某人或某地||We stole up on them so that they couldn't sound the alarm.|
|steer clear of +||避開||He's trying to steer clear of his lecturer because he hasn't finished his assignment yet.|
|stem from +||源自；肇因於，因...而起||The trouble stems from their refusal to discuss the matter.|
|step aside (or step down)||辭職；讓位||
that the prime minister should step aside so that someone new can
lead the party into the election.
The CEO announced he is stepping aside.
|step back||退一步想，退一步思考||We should step back and try to see how our customers will view the scheme.|
|step down (or step aside)||辭職；讓位||The CEO stepped down after the share price dropped.|
|step * down +||減少；縮小；降低||Production is being stepped down because demand has dropped.|
|step forward||上前幫忙||John stepped forward and offered to change the tire.|
|step in||介入；干涉||I had to step in when they started fighting.|
|step on it||叫某人把車開快一點||I told the taxi driver to step on it as I was late for the meeting.|
|step out||暫時離開||I've stepped out for a cigarette.|
|step to +||對抗||Don't step to those guys; they'll kill you.|
|step to +||與某人攀談；找某人談話||He tried to step to her in the bar.|
|step * up +||增加||The police have stepped up the pressure on beggars working the Underground.|
|stick around||待在附近；待一陣子||He's late, but I'll stick around for another few minutes before I leave.|
|stick at +||堅持不懈||She found the course very tough but she stuck at it and did well in the end.|
|stick by +||繼續支持||No one stuck by him when the scandal became public.|
|stick by +||信守 (承諾)||They are sticking by their claims.|
|stick * down +||匆匆寫下||I couldn't answer the test so I just stuck anything down that I could remember.|
|stick * down +||用膠或膠水將表面黏上||I stuck the label down.|
|stick it to +||嚴厲斥責、責備、抨擊 (某人)||
She stuck it
to me for turning up half an hour late.
My boss really stuck it to me when I arrived late to work for the third time this week.
|stick it to +||惡劣地或不公平地對待 (某人)||My boss always sticks it to me when she's in a bad mood.|
|stick out||明顯；突出；醒目||He's so much better than the others that he sticks out.|
|stick * out +||伸出；探出||He stuck his tongue out at me.|
|stick * out + / stick it out||繼續；堅持；撐下去||It was a tough course, but we stuck it out.|
|stick out for +||堅持要求||We're sticking out for a 5% pay rise.|
|stick to +||信守；遵守；堅守||
The Prime Minister decided to
stick to the original plan despite the
criticism in the media.
Even though English is a hard language to master, you must stick to it!
|stick to +||堅持；不改變||I stuck to the path and didn't take the shortcut.|
|stick together||團結一致；互相支持||If we don't stick together, things will be much worse for all of us- we need some unity.|
|stick up||翹起；豎起；突起||The static electricity made my hair stick up.|
|stick * up +||持槍搶劫||They stuck the bank up and stole tens of thousands.|
|stick up for +||為…辯護；支持||
You have to
stick up for yourself here, because no one will back you.
Joseph joined the army because he believes he must stick up for his country.
|stick with +||堅持；不改變||We'd better stick with our original idea.|
|stick with +||緊跟著||He told the children to stick with him in the station.|
|stick with +||(使…) 深深記住，不能忘卻||The details have stuck with me ever since.|
|stick with +||繼續；堅持；撐下去||I stuck with the job though I found it very stressful.|
|stiffen up||使...僵硬||My back stiffens up in cold weather.|
|stiffen * up +||使筆挺||They used starch to stiffen the collars up.|
|stir * up +||挑起、激起 (不安、憤怒等)||He stirred things up by complaining to senior management about his line manager.|
|stitch * up +||縫補 (衣物)||I stitched up the hole in my jeans.|
|stitch * up +||簽訂 (協議)；達成 (交易)||We get the contract stitched up this week.|
|stitch * up +||陷害；誣陷；算計||The police stitched them up because they couldn't find any evidence against them.|
|stomp off||憤怒地離開某地||John lost his temper and stomped off home.|
|stomp on +||惡劣地對待或打敗||They stomped on their competitors.|
|stop around||短暫造訪||Why don't you stop around my place on your way back?|
|stop back||返回 (某地)||I'll stop back this afternoon when you're free.|
|stop behind||留下，留下來||I stopped behind at the end of the lecture to ask a couple of questions.|
|stop by +||順便造訪，順路停留一下，中途停留一下||I must stop by the supermarket and pick up some things for dinner.|
|stop in||待在家裡；留在家裡||I was feeling tired so I stopped in last night.|
|stop in||順便造訪，順路停留一下||I stopped in at my aunt's after work.|
|stop off||中途停留 (與 stop over 同義)，路過停留一下||We stopped off for lunch about halfway there, then carried on driving.|
|stop out||徹夜不歸；待在外面||Her parents were annoyed because she stopped out all night.|
|stop over||中途停留 (與 stop off 同義)；在外過夜||
I stopped over in Bangkok for a couple of days on my way back from
Because of the severe rainstorm, we couldn't get home and had to stop over in a hotel.
|stop up||熬夜||I stopped up last night watching the film.|
|stop * up +||堵住、塞住 (洞等)||I stopped up the bottle with a cork.|
|storm off||氣沖沖地離去、走開 (與 storm out 同義)||They had a row and he stormed off.|
|storm out||氣沖沖地離去、走開 (與 storm off 同義)||He lost his temper and stormed out of the bar. (若未提到地方，則只要說 'He stormed out' 就可以了)|
|stow away||偷乘 (車、船或飛機)||She stowed away on the plane but was caught when it landed.|
|stow * away||把...收好||We stowed it away in the garage to keep it dry.|
|straighten * out +||(使...) 變直；把...弄直；(腿等) 伸直||I'm always having to straighten out the wires connected to my computer.|
|straighten * out||處理 (問題、混亂的情況等)；清理||I had to straighten out things after the mess they had made.|
|straighten * out||使...變好；使...變規矩||John spent years to straighten out his brother with alcohol abuse.|
|straighten up||直起身子||She straightened up when her boss walked in.|
|straighten * up +||(把...) 弄整潔||I straightened up the room before they arrived.|
|strike back||反擊；回擊||At first, he ignored them, but when things got very serious, he struck back.|
|strike * down||使...死去；殺害 (通常用被動態)||A hitman struck him down as he entered the building. (He was struck down as he entered the building.)|
|strike * down||使 (某人) 生病；(疾病) 侵襲 (大多用被動態)||I was struck down with food poisoning.|
|strike * down +||廢除 (法規等)；駁回、撤銷 (判決等)||The Appeal Court struck down the lower court's ruling.|
|strike * off +||取消...專業資格；吊銷...執照||The Medical Council struck him off for malpractice.|
|strike on/upon +||突然想出/想到/發現||
I struck on
the solution when I was out with my dog.
It took us a long time to strike upon a solution.
|strike out||開始從事新活動||After doing the same job for five years, I decided to strike out and change careers.|
|strike out||試圖打擊||When he pushed me, I struck out.|
|strike out||開始前往某地||We got up early and struck out for our final destination.|
|strike out||失敗||I tried to get the government to support us but I struck out.|
|strike * out +||刪去，劃掉||As they arrived, I struck their names out on the list I had.|
|strike up + (a conversation/relationship etc.) (with sb.)||開始 (和某人) (交談/建立關係等)||He struck up a conversation with me in the bar.|
|strike up||開始演奏/演唱||The band struck up and everyone turned to listen.|
|string * along||矇騙 (某人)||They kept saying they were interested, but they were just stringing me along.|
|string along||跟隨 (某人)||Is it alright if I string along with you tonight?|
|string * out +||拖延；拖長||They had to string things out until the mayor arrived.|
|string * together +||把…串起來||I was so nervous in the interview that I could hardly string a sentence together.|
|string * up +||絞死；吊死||The rebels strung the soldiers up after they captured them.|
|stub * out +||捻熄 (香菸)||He stubbed his cigarette out in a saucer because he couldn't find an ashtray.|
|stuff * up +||犯錯；搞砸；做得亂七八糟||I stuffed the exam up.|
|stumble across/on/upon +||偶然發現；邂逅||
guess what I stumbled across when I was packing my stuff.
I stumbled across him in the library.
I stumbled upon these photos when I was clearing my room up.
|stump up||(常指不情願地) 付 (錢)，給 (錢)||He didn't want to pay me back, but I got him to stump up in the end.|
|suck * in +||捲入||Everyone around John was taking drugs and he got sucked in.|
|suck into +||捲入||The country got sucked into the war.|
|suck up||奉承；巴結；拍馬屁||He is always sucking up to try to get the boss's approval.|
|suck up to +||奉承 (某人)；巴結 (某人)；拍 (某人) 馬屁||He's always sucking up to our boss.|
|sum * up +||總結，歸納||At the end of the lecture, she summed up the main points again.|
|summon * up +||鼓起 (勇氣)；振作 (精神)||Anna couldn't summon up the enthusiasm to apply for the position.|
|suss * out +||明瞭，知悉||It took her ages to suss out what was going on.|
about at the party.
She swanned around trying to impress people.
|swan in||閒晃地進來||She swans in and out of the office as she pleases.|
|swan off||閒晃地離去||He just swanned off to the cinema when he should have been working.|
|swear by +||深信||I swear by their products- they're the best on the market.|
|swear * in||使 (某人) 宣誓就職 (通常用被動態)||
He was sworn
in as prime minister.
The new president was sworn in.
|sweep through +||輕易地通過 (測驗、考試等)||She swept through all the exams.|
|sweep through +||快速地席捲、橫掃||The disease swept through the population.|
|swing around/round||很快就改變心意、想法等||They swung around to our idea after reading the press reports.|
|swing around/round||(人等) 轉向，轉身||He swung round to see what had made the noise.|
|swing at +||打；揮打||He swung at me but missed.|
|swing by||順路拜訪某人或造訪某地||I will swing by this afternoon and pick you up.|
|syphon * off +||非法挪用或轉移資金 (syphon 亦拼成 siphon)||The minister had been syphoning off funds from his department for years.|
|syphon * off +||吸取或吸納 (某人的事業、支持、選票等)||The candidate syphoned off a lot of votes because of his anti-war stance.|