片語動詞寶典

Phrasal Verb Thesaurus
P


 

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片語動詞 定義 例句
pack * away + 收拾,收藏 (某物) I packed away the suitcases in the loft after we had emptied them.
pack * in + 停止;放棄;拋棄 (工作等) I'm trying to pack in smoking.
pack * in + 分手;離婚 She packed her boyfriend in.
pack * in 擠進,塞進 They really pack them in at the club- it was so crowded it was impossible to move.
pack in (機器) 故障,壞掉,停止運轉 The photocopier has packed in again.
pack it in 停下來 (用作祈使句) The kids were making a fuss, so I told them to pack it in.
pack * off + 匆忙送走 (某人),匆忙打發走 (某人);把 (某人) 調走 His boss packed him off to a regional office.
pack * out + 讓 (某空間、房間或場地) 擠滿人 The stadium was packed out.
pack * up + 停止 (做某事) You should pack up smoking.
pack up 停止工作,收工,停止活動;不再嘗試 We had nothing left to do, so we packed up early.
pack up (機器) 故障,壞掉,停止運轉 My printer packed up last night- I'll have to get a new one.
pack * up + 收拾 (某物) 並放好 At the end of the presentation, I packed up my laptop.
pad down 晚上睡在某處 I'm too tired to come home; can I pad down here tonight?
pad * out + 加入額外的內容 (通常是不相關的內容) 來使 (文章、作品等) 變得冗長  I couldn't think of much to write, so I padded the essay out with a few lengthy quotes.
pair off 使成配偶;結婚 They paired off shortly after starting university.
pair * off 介紹男女雙方認識,希望它們開始交往 I tried to pair him off with my sister.
pair off 配對;使分成或組成一對對 The class paired off to practice the exam interviews.
pair off with + 和某人配對 I paired off with Eugene for the test.
pair up 組成一對;成為搭檔 (通常為了工作或比賽的目的) We paired up for the last activity
pal up 成為好友 We palled up when I started working with her.
 
palm * off 以欺騙手段賣出 (假貨、劣貨) He tried to palm me off with a pathetic excuse.
palm * off + as 以 (假貨、劣貨) 充  (真貨、好貨) 騙人購買 He tried to palm his computer off as the latest model.
pan out 結果成功;有成果;行得通 ;(事情的) 發展 (一般用於疑問或否定句) The trip to Vegas didn't pan out.
I don't know how things will pan out now the company's been taken over.
paper over + 掩蓋,掩飾 (過失、缺陷、問題等) The government tried to paper over the problems in the proposal, but the press were very critical.
pare * back + 縮減尺寸、大小、規模;減少數量 They have had to pare back the services they offer as their funding was reduced.
pare * down + 削減,減少,降低 They have pared down the number of employees as they haven't been doing well.
part with + 捨棄;割捨 I found it very hard to part with my old CDs when I digitized my collection.
pass * around + 發給在場的每個人 The teacher passed the handout around.
pass as + 假扮;冒充;被看做或被認為是 (某人或某物) Although not qualified, he managed to pass as a doctor for years.
pass away 去世;過世;死亡 After battling cancer for several years, he finally passed away at the age of 87.
pass * back + 發回 I felt awful when the teacher started to pass back the exam papers.
pass by 從 (某人、某物) 旁經過 I was just passing by when I saw the accident.
pass * by 不注意,對...不予理會,無視,忽視 The chance for promotion passed me by. (我未受到升遷機會的眷顧 -- 升遷機會輪不到我)
pass * down + 把 (知識、技能或財產) 往下傳或傳給年輕的一代;(故事等) 流傳下來 The tales were passed down for centuries without changing any of the words.
pass for + 假扮;冒充;充當;被看做,被接受為 You'd be surprised at what passes for good cooking in many restaurants.
pass * off + 以 (假貨、劣貨) 騙人 I managed to pass off the fake money in the market.
pass off 舉行,發生;進行 The demonstration passed off peacefully.
pass * on + 傳給;傳閱 Please pass this message on to your co-workers.
pass on + 不接受或婉拒 (吃飯或活動的邀請) Jennifer passed on the invitation to join us for dinner.
pass on 去世;過世;死亡 I am afraid Professor Johnson has passed on.
pass * out + 大量分發、發給 We need to pass out these flyers for the concert tomorrow.
pass out 昏過去;失去知覺 He passed out because the room was too hot.
pass * over 忽視資深者而晉升、獎勵比較資淺者 They passed him over and made his assistant the new director.
pass over + 忽視;不理睬,不理會;不予討論 Let's pass over what they said and get on.
pass * round + (在現場的一群人中) 傳遞,傳來傳去 They passed round copies of the handbook.
pass through + 經過;路過 I didn't see much as I was only passing through the town.
pass * up + 錯過 (機會) I can't believe she passed up the opportunity to study in Rome.
pat * down (用手) 搜查,搜 (某人) 的身 The police patted them down for weapons but found nothing.
All of the passengers were patted down by the airport police.
patch * together + 倉促拼湊 (某物或觀點) They patched together a coalition after the election.
patch * up + 平息,解決 (糾紛、爭端等);重修 (舊好) I tried to patch things up after the argument, but they wouldn't speak to me.
patch * up + 給予 (傷者) 基本治療 After the accident, they patched her up and sent her to hospital.
pay * back + 償還 I paid back the twenty pounds I'd borrowed.
pay * back 報復 I'm going to pay him back for that insult.
pay * for 購買 I paid twenty dollars for the book.
pay * into 把 (錢、支票等) 存入 (銀行或其他帳戶) I paid the cash into my account.
pay * off + 還清 (債務、債款) It took me ten years to pay off my credit card debt.
pay * off + 行賄 Don't try to pay the police officer off if you get pulled over for speeding.
pay off 取得成功,獲得收益;有收益,有賺頭 Their patience paid off when he finally showed up and signed the contract.
peck at + 一點一點地吃 (食物) The food wasn't very nice, so I pecked at it to look polite.
peel away (= peel off) 離群;離隊 Some of the crowd peeled away to get out of the crush.
peel away from + 離群;離隊 They peeled away from the crowd and went down a side road.
peel off (= peel away) 離群;離隊 When the police blocked the road, a few protesters peeled off and left the march.
peel off from + 離群;離隊 They peeled off from the demonstration when the police arrived.
peel out (汽車從靜止狀態) 迅速離去,呼嘯而去 Pattie peeled out of the parking lot.
Fearing the police, he peeled out in a cloud of tire smoke.
peg away 堅持不懈地做 (工作、某事) I pegged away for weeks before my exams.
peg * down + 將 (某物) 固定在地上 We pegged the tent down to stop the wind blowing it about.
peg it 死亡,過世 After a long illness, she finally pegged it yesterday.
peg * out + 把 (洗好的衣物) 掛曬到外面 I pegged the washing out after it stopped raining.
peg out 死亡,過世 He pegged out last night from a heart attack.
pencil * in + 暫時安排;暫定 I'll pencil Thursday night in, but if anything comes up, give me a ring.
pep * up + 使更有趣 You need to pep your writing up.
pep * up + 使充滿活力;使振作精神 Her talk pepped us up.
perk * up + 使快活、愉快起來;使振作、精神振奮起來 She was ill in bed with flu, but she perked up a bit when some friends dropped by.
peter out 漸漸枯竭;逐漸消失 Everyone was keen at first, but the enthusiasm petered out when they saw how long it would take.
phase * in + 逐步採用 (或實施) They are phasing in the reforms over the next two years.
phase * out + 逐步結束 (或淘汰) They have introduced a compact edition of the newspaper and are phasing out the broadsheet edition over the next few months.
pick at + (像無食慾一樣) 挑挑揀揀地吃,一點一點地吃 I wasn't very hungry so I just picked at my food.
pick at + 批評,抨擊 There were a few problems that could be picked at, but it was generally good.
pick * off + 個個擊破 There were many rebels against the policy, but the government picked off the leaders.
pick on + 欺負;過不去;選擇 (某人或某物) 做為受罰或挨罵的對象 She keeps picking on me! Make her stop.
pick * out + 精心挑選 Diane picked out a lovely dress for the dance.
pick * out + 從照片中指認 The victim couldn't pick out her attacker from the photos the police showed her.
pick through + 在雜亂無章的東西中搜尋某事物 The police have been picking through the wreckage for clues.
pick * up + (用手) 舉起 (物品) Keep your back straight when you pick the TV up.
pick * up + (用車子) 接載 (某人) What time are you going to pick me up
pick * up + 輕鬆地學會,學得 It's possible to pick up enough English in two weeks to get by on your trip to Los Angeles.
pick * up + 勾搭 (某人) (通常在酒吧裡) Some weird guy tried to pick Patricia up at the bar.
pick up 成長;起色;增加;改善 Business is really picking up this quarter.
pick up after + 整理、收拾某人所製造的髒亂或凌亂 I always have to pick up after him because he leaves things all over the office.
pick up on + 糾正某人所說的錯誤 My teacher picks up on any mistake I make and corrects me.
pick up on + 注意到大多數人未注意的事物 He's very quick to pick up on new trends.
pick up on + 對某事做出回應、反應 The government has picked up on the reports in the media.
pick up on + 對稍早或先前在談話中所說的某事發表評論 I'd like to pick up on the point that John made.
pick yourself up 從失敗、沮喪、挫折、陰霾等中恢復過來或站起來
It took him a long time to pick himself up after his wife left him.
pig out 大吃大喝;狼吞虎嚥 The food was great, so I really pigged out.
pile in 蜂擁而入 They opened the doors and all of us piled in.
pile into + 蜂擁而入;擠進 (汽車等) We piled into the shop when it opened.
pile * on + 大量增加;大舉進行 Work's crazy- they keep piling on the pressure.
pile * on + 大肆渲染壞的情況;過份誇大糟糕的情況 It wasn't very serious, but they piled on the guilt.
pile out 蜂擁而出 The train eventually arrived and we all piled out.
pile * up + (使) 堆積,(使) 積壓 The child piled up the bricks until they fell over.
pin * down + 要 (某人) 做出決定,要 (某人) 表態,要 (某人) 採取行動,要 (某人) 遵守 (諾言) I've asked him to set a date, but he's a hard man to pin down and won't give a definite answer.
pin * down + 確切說明 (某事物) 的性質,明確說明 (某事物);查明,認出 (某人或某事物) The government can't pin down where the leak came from.
pin * on 把 (罪責、責任等) 加在 (某人) 身上 The police tried to pin the crime on him.
pin * up + 把 (某物) (用針、別針等) 固定在牆壁或其他垂直表面上 I pinned the notice up on the board.
pine away 因悲傷、壓力、擔心而憔悴;因疾病而衰弱 He's been pining away since his wife died and is a shadow of his former self.
pipe down 安靜下來 The lecturer asked the students to pipe down and pay attention.
pipe up 開始說話;開始高聲說話 At first, no one answered, then finally someone piped up.
pit * against 較量,對抗;使較量,使對抗 The war pitted neighbor against neighbor.
pitch for + 爭取 (工作,交易,生意等) He pitched for the job, but they gave it to someone else.
pitch in 一起做起來;參與、投入某活動 We were behind schedule, but the others pitched in and we got it done in time.
pitch into + 嚴厲批評 (某人);攻擊 (某人) The shareholders pitched into the management about their pay rises at the meeting.
plant * out + 將在花盆或溫室中培育長大的植物移植種在地裡 They need to be planted out in the spring.
play along (為了使某人高興或得到自己想要的東西而) 假裝同意或接受 (某人,某觀點等) I disagreed with the idea but I had to play along because everyone else liked it.
play about/around (尤指本該做其他事情時) 胡鬧,瞎搞 The children were play around and being annoying.
play at + 把...不當一回事;對 (某事) 敷衍了事 He just plays at being a lawyer- he never wins a case.
play away 出外時偷腥 He travels abroad a lot and his wife thinks he plays away.
play * back + 重播 (錄影、錄音或電話留言) We played the recording back to see if it was OK.
play * down + 淡化;貶低;減低...的重要性 The President played down his affair with the intern.
play off 加賽以決定勝負 As both teams had the same points, they played off to decide the winner.
play * off against 挑撥離間,使相互爭鬥、對抗 (以坐收漁利) He played them off against each other to get the best deal.
play on 繼續比賽 It looked like a foul, but the referee told them to play on.
play on 繼續演奏 The band played on for another hour.
play on/upon + 利用 (某人的弱點);玩弄 (某人的情感或特質) (以獲取自己想要的東西) They are just playing on our fears to get us to do what they want.
play on + 一語雙關 The advert plays on the slogan.
play out 以...方式發展;以...作結局 Let's see how things play out.
play * out + 裝出...真的發生的樣子 Computer games allow people to play out their violent urges.
play * out + 把...表演完;把 (比賽) 進行到底 Rain stopped them playing the game out.
play  up + 誇大...的重要性;大肆喧染;凸顯 She played up her part in the new movie, but it was actually a very small role.
play up 調皮搗蛋;製造麻煩 The children played up all evening and drove the babysitter mad.
play up to + 逢迎,討好,巴結 ,取悅,奉承,向 (某人) 獻殷勤 She has been playing up to the boss because she wants a promotion.
play with + 擺弄,玩弄 (某物) He can't stop playing with his beard.
play with + 沒有吃很多;吃了一點而已 I wasn't hungry, so I just played with the food.
play with + 稍作考慮 We played with the idea, but decided against it.
plead out 認罪 (以減輕刑期或罰款) The CEO pleaded out and blamed the CFO for the fraud.
plough/plow * back + (plough 和 plow 分別為英式和美式拼法) 把 (利潤) 再投資 We ploughed/plowed back all the profits to grow the company.
plough/plow into + 猛然撞上 (某人或某物) The bus skidded and ploughed/plowed into the bus stop.
plough/plow on 不畏艱難地繼續 (做某事);勉為其難地繼續堅持下去 It was really boring, but we ploughed/plowed on.
plough/plow through + 大吃一頓 We ploughed/plowed through all seven courses.
plough/plow through + 閱讀 (困難或須耗費許多時間的東西) It took me ages to plough/plow through 'Ulysses'.
plough/plow through + 艱難地、緩慢地或費力地通過 (人群、水域、雪地等) The boat had to plough/plow through the ice.
plough/plow * up + 犁 (地);翻 (土) The tractor ploughed/plowed up the field so they could sow the seed.
pluck at + (多次) 扯,揪 He was plucking at his cuffs during the interview.
pluck * up + 鼓起 (勇氣) They plucked up the courage to complain.
plug * in + 將 (設備等) 接通電源 He plugged the TV in and turned it at full blast.
plump * down 隨意地放置 He plumped his bag down and kicked his shoes off.
plump for + 選定,挑選 I plumped for the steak frites.
plump oneself down + 隨意地坐下 She plumped herself down next to me and started asking me what had happened.
point * out + 指出 I'd like to point out that figures in column two might be outdated.
poke about/around (尤指透過搬動或翻動物品) 搜索,到處找 I poked about in my CD collection to see if I could find it.
polish * off + 吃光;喝完;完成;結束 She polishes off half a bottle of gin every night.
polish * up + (透過練習) 改善、改進或提高 (某事物) I need to polish up my French before I go to Paris.
pony * up + 還 (帳),付 (錢) I had to pony fifty dollars up for the meal.
poop out 疲憊不堪;(因精疲力竭而) 決定停止做 (某事) I was going to write my essay, but I pooped out and went to bed instead.
poop out on + (對某人) 爽約 We were supposed to meet yesterday, but she pooped out on me at the last minute.
pop in 作短暫訪問;短暫停留 He popped in for a coffee on his way home.
pop off 大聲地說;大聲地抱怨 He's always popping off when things don't suit him.
pop off 短暫外出;出去一下 He's just popped off for a break but should be back in a few minutes.
pop out 短暫外出;出去一下 I'm just popping out to the shops. Do you need anything while I'm out?
pop up (電腦視窗或對話方塊) 彈出 The dialogue box popped up when I pressed Enter.
pop up 突然出現;突然發生;突然來到 I'm going to have to work late tonight because something has popped up.
pore over + 仔細閱讀;仔細審視 She pored over the report looking for mistakes.
potter about/around (+) 慢條斯理地做事;悠哉悠哉地做事 On Saturday mornings, I potter about the garden if the weather's fine.
I pottered around, sorting out my CDs and a few other things.
pour down 下大雨 It poured down all day so we had to remain indoors.
pour forth 大量出現;大量湧出 Useless statistics pour forth from him.
power * down + 切斷電腦或電子裝置的電力供應 I powered down my computer and went for lunch.
power * off + 切斷電腦或電子裝置的電力供應來將其關閉 You mustn't power it off while it is updating.
power * up + 打開電腦或電子裝置來使用 I powered up my laptop and started work.
prattle on 不斷地快速而無意義地說話 George just prattled on instead of giving a straight answer.
press ahead (with something) 奮力前進;勇往直前;把 (某事) 堅持下去 They pressed ahead with the elections despite the violence.
press for + 催促;逼迫;竭力要求 The workers are pressing for better pay and conditions.
press on 奮力前進;勇往直前;把 (某事) 堅持下去 We pressed on to get to our destination before night fell.
prey on/upon + 捕食 (動物或其他生物) Spiders prey on insects.
prey on/upon + 恃強凌弱;欺負 They prey on older people.
price * in + 在訂定或評估價格時將未來可能發生的風險考慮在內 Speculators have priced in the risk of a war breaking out.
price * up + 定價過高,索價過高;漫天要價 Don't buy your camera at that shop, because they price them up terribly.
print * out + (電腦文件) 印出 He printed out the letter and checked through it carefully.
prop * up + 支撐,頂住;(提供政治、財政或軍事援助以) 扶持,維持 The council have propped up the museum for years with grants.
psych * out + 想出或預先猜出 (某人的意圖) We have to try to psych out our rivals.
psych * out + 使 (某人) 膽怯;使 (某人) 喪失信心 Boxers try to psych their opponents out before the fight to gain an advantage.
psych * up + 使 (某人) 做好心理準備 I psyched myself up for the exam.
pucker up 噘起嘴唇 (等著接吻) She puckered up when he leant forwards to kiss her.
pull ahead 加速超過;超前,領先,追過 Let that fast car pull ahead; I'd rather have such a driver in front of me than behind me.
pull * apart 把 (某人的作品、文章、論據、理論等) 批評得一無是處 My tutor pulled my essay apart.
pull * apart 把 (兩個正在打架的人或動物) 拉開 A fight broke out in the pub and it was hard to pull the people involved apart.
pull away (車輛或司機) 開走,駛出 (某地方) Just as I was pulling away from the parking place, another car crashed into mine.
pull * back + 扳回 (在足球比賽中落後時進球) They were two-nil down until five minutes before the end, when they pulled back a goal.
pull * back + (軍隊) 撤退,撤回 They have pulled the troops back from the front line.
pull back 決定不做 They pulled back from the deal.
pull back 躲開;閃避 She pulled back when he tried to kiss her.
pull * down + 賺得 He pulls down about $300,000 a year.
pull * down + 拆除,拆掉 They pulled the old cinema down to build a new shopping mall.
pull * down + 使 (某人) 沮喪 Losing her job pulled her down.
pull for + 支持 Who will you be pulling for in the final?
pull in (火車) 進站,到站 The train pulled in and we rushed to meet her as she got off.
pull in (駛向路邊或建築物旁邊) 停車 Mark pulled in too quickly and crashed into the wall.
I pulled in to let the passengers out.
pull * in + 吸引 The program pulled in 3.6 million viewers.
pull * in + 逮捕 (某人) 或將 (某人) 帶回警局偵訊 The police pulled them in after the trouble.
pull * off + 成功做成 (某件困難或棘手的事) No one thought that she would be able to do it, but she pulled it off in the end.
pull off (車、船等) 駛離 When the lights turned green, the car pulled off.
The boat pulled off from the shore.
pull * on + (尤指迅速地) 穿上,戴上 I pulled on a jumper when the sun went in.
pull out (火車) 離站 Our train pulls out at 8:00, so don't be late.
The train was pulling out when I got there.
pull out (車輛或司機) 開出;(車輛) 超車開到或插在 (別車) 前面 The traffic was so bad that it took me ages to pull out.
She just pulled out in front of me without indicating.
pull out 退出;擺脫 The project was going badly and they decided to pull out.
pull * out + (軍隊) 撤退,撤離 People want the government to pull the troops out.
pull * over + (車輛或司機) 停靠 (在路邊) The police pulled the car over.
pull * over + (警察命令駕駛人把車) 開到路邊 The police pulled the car over and tested the driver for alcohol.
pull through 從 (疾病、負傷等) 康復;恢復健康 I didn't think she was going to make it, but she pulled through in the end.
Don't worry. Your dad's going to pull through.
pull * through + 使度過難關 He said the support of his fans had pulled him through.
A gift of money from the government pulled the theater company through their money troubles.
pull * to 把 (已打開的) 門或窗戶關上 Could you pull the door to, please?
pull together (一群人) 通力合作 If we all pull together, we'll have it finished in no time.
pull up (使車輛) 停住 The cab pulled up outside my house and I got out.
pull * up 制止並斥責 He pulled me up because I had got my facts wrong.
pull yourself together 控制你自己的情緒;要控制住你自己 He was so angry that he couldn't pull himself together.
push in + 插隊;擠到等候隊伍的前面 She just pushed in the queue in front of me at the supermarket checkout.
put * across + 使 (自己的想法、建議等) 被瞭解;表達;溝通 I thought Ms. Smith put her ideas across rather clearly in the meeting.
He found it difficult to put across what he wanted to say at the meeting.
put * away + 把 (某物) 收起來或放回原處 He put the dictionary away on the shelf after he'd finished the crossword.
put * away 把 (某人) 關進 (監獄或精神病院) The judge put him away for ten years for robbery.
put * away + 儲存 (金錢) 備用 I try to put some money away every month towards our summer holiday.
put * back + 拖延,推遲 The AGM has been put back until July the seventeenth.
put * by + 儲存 (金錢) 備用 I try to put some money by every month towards our summer holiday.
Try to put a little bit by each week.
put * down 殺死 (年老、體弱、生病或危險的動物) (通常以 have sth put down 形式出現) He had his dog put down because it was in a lot of pain from its tumors.
put * down + 慢慢放下,擱下 (某物) Put the gun down slowly and keep your hands where I can see them.
put * down for + 把 (某人) 登記在 (認捐多少錢等) 的名單上 I have put you down for NT$200,000, is that all right?
put * down to + 把 (某事) 歸因於 He didn't score many, but we can put that down to inexperience.
put * in + 安裝 They had to put in a whole new central heating system because the house was so cold.
put * in + 投資 To start up the business, they each put in NT$100,000.
put in for + (正式) 要求 He put in for a transfer to the new branch.
put off 延宕;推遲;延後 The concert's been put off until next month because the singer's got a throat infection.
put * off + 延宕;推遲;使延期 Don't put off your homework - do it now!
put * off + 使不想做;使反感;使倒胃口 I was really put off by the way he eats with his mouth open.
The smell put me off my food.
put * on + 體重增加,發胖,長肉 He's put on a lot of weight since he gave up smoking.
put * on + 穿上;戴上 Make sure you put on a sweater before you go outside.
I put my coat on before we went out.
put * on 欺騙;愚弄;對...撒謊 I didn't believe a thing he said. I think he was putting me on.
I am not putting you on.
put * out + 發表;播出;出版 Several charities put out an appeal on TV for money for the victims of the flooding in Pakistan.
The government has put out a statement denying these rumors.
put * out + 使 (火) 熄滅,使停止燃燒 Don't use water to put out a grease fire.
He put out his cigarette before entering the building.
put * out 使某人感到不便;給某人添麻煩 I don't want to put you out, but could you pick me up at the airport?
Would it be putting you out greatly if I asked to change to another day?
put * over + 成功地執行 (陰謀、騙局等) They put over a clever practical joke on us.
put * through 為 (打電話者) 接通 (某人) Could you put me through to extension 259 please?
put * towards 出 (錢);捐獻 She put $250 towards the cost of the repairs and we had to pay the rest.
put * up 留客人在家小住 (並提供飲食);為 (某人) 提供膳宿 Can you put me up while I'm in town?
She put me up for the night because I'd missed the last bus and there were no night buses running.
put * up + 提高,增加 (價格、學費、稅額等) The government has put tuition fees for undergraduate students up again.
put * up to 慫恿;教唆 His friends put him up to stealing it.
put up with + 忍受,忍耐 Sandy will not put up with smoking in her house.
I can't put up with my neighbor's noise any longer; it's driving me mad.

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