片語動詞寶典

Phrasal Verb Thesaurus
D


 

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片語動詞 定義 例句
damp * down + 冷靜下來;使 (興趣、熱情等) 降低,抑制 (強烈的情緒等) They tried to damp down the anger over the announcement.
damp * down + 使 (火勢) 減弱 They tried to damp down the flames before the fire spread.
damp off (植物因水分過多而) 腐壞;枯萎 It rained so much last month that nearly half the crops damped off. (上個月雨水過多,近半數的農作物都泡水死了)
dash off 快速離開 Excuse me, I must be dashing off now, I have an important appointment in five minutes.
dash * off + 草草寫出;揮筆疾書 He dashed off the report in a couple of hours.
dawn on/upon + 開始領悟或明白某事 The truth only dawned on me much later. (很久之後我才明白事實真相)
deal in + 買賣 (某物);經營 (某商品) Our company mainly deals in hardware and software. (我們公司現在主要經營硬體和軟體)
deal with + 對付 (難纏的人或難辦的事);應付;處理 She frequently needs to deal with difficult customers. (她經常需要與難纏的顧客打交道)
I will deal with these problems. (我會處理這些問題)
deal with + 關於,涉及 (某內容);論述 The new movie deals with Internet bullying. (這部新電影講述的是網路霸凌)
The article deals with an important social phenomenon. (這篇文章涉及一個重要的社會現象)
decide on/upon + 選定;決定 Peter spent a long time looking at flats before he bought one, but eventually decided on one near his work.
deck * out + 打扮;裝飾 The street was decked out in flags. (街道上掛滿了旗幟)
dial up 撥號上網 You can dial up and access your files. (你可以撥號上網來存取你的檔案)
die away 逐漸消失 The applause died away after 5 minutes.
die back (植物) 枝葉枯萎 (但根部仍活著) The plant dies back in the winter.
die down 逐漸減弱;逐漸平息 The controversy about the president's affair finally died down.
die for + (都以be dying for 的型態出現) 渴望,迫切想要 I'm dying for the weekend- this week's been so hard.
die off/out 滅絕,絕種,絕跡 Whales are in danger of dying off.
Some scientists say that the dinosaurs died out when a comet hit the earth and caused a nuclear winter.
dig in 開始 (狼吞虎嚥地) 大吃起來 We were starving so we really dug in when the food finally did arrive.
dig into + 伸入某物內部來拿東西 She dug into her handbag and pulled out a bunch of keys.
dig * out + 找出,翻出 (長時間未用或未見之物) I dug out my old university essays.
dig * out + 挖出 They had to dig the survivors of the earthquake out from the ruins.
dig * up + 挖掘 (新聞、秘密或真相);發現 The reporters eventually dug up the truth about the affair.
dig * up + 挖出;挖掉 The police dug up a body.
dig * up + 挖 (路);挖 (洞) They've been digging up the road outside my house.
dine out 外出用餐;在外吃飯 We rarely dine out these days. (現在我們很少外出用餐)
dine out on + (尤指吃飯時) 講 (某個故事、某一經歷等) 來逗樂或做笑談 I've dined out on the story of his accident. (我在晚餐時都要對別人講起他所發生的事故)
dip * in/into 把 (某物) 在某液體中浸一下;從...中掏出,從...中取出 He dipped the brush in the paint and began painting the wall. (他把刷子放入油漆中浸一下後開始粉刷牆壁)
Monica dipped her finger in the water to see if it's hot. (莫妮卡把手指浸入水中,看水熱不熱)
I dipped my hand in my pocket and took out my iPhone. (我伸手從口袋裡掏出 iPhone 手機)
dip into + 隨便翻閱、瀏覽一下 I usually dip into a novel before deciding whether to read it. (我在決定看一本小說之前,通常會先瀏覽一下)
dip out (主美) 一聲不響地離開 (某個場所) The party was so dull so I dipped out. (派對太沈悶,所以我就一聲不響地離開了)
disagree with + (飲食、氣候等) 使...不舒服;對...不適宜 Spicy food disagrees with me.

dish * out + (= dish up) 端上 (飯菜),把 (飯菜) 端上桌 I dished out the dinner.
dish * out + 隨便給予 (東西、獎品、建議、忠告等);濫發 Doctors have been dishing out Viagra to anyone who asks for it.
dish * out + 批評,斥責 (但又不能接受別人反過來的批評) He dishes it out, but gets all hurt when anyone responds.
dish * up + (= dish out) 端上 (飯菜),把 (飯菜) 端上桌 He dished up a great dinner when we got back.
dive in 貿然投入到...之中,介入;開始吃 When I saw the children fighting, I just dived in to sort it out. (當我看見孩子們打起來的時候,就連忙介入制止)
Dinner's on the table, so dive in. (晚餐端上桌了,所以就開動了)
dive into + 迅速將手伸入某物中;專心投入某事物 Jack dived into his pocket and pulled out a lighter. (傑克快速伸入口袋中拿出一個打火機)
He is diving into a new project. (他正在潛心鑽研一個新的專案)
divide * up + 分配 They divided up the profits. (他們分配利潤)
divvy * out/up + 分配 (錢財等) The waiters and waitresses divvy out the tips at the end of the night.
We divvied up the money equally.
do away with + 廢除 Some Americans want to do away with the death penalty.
do * in 幹掉,殺死 Mobsters did the old woman in. (匪徒把那個老婦人殺了)
They threatened to do me in if I didn't meet their demands by Sunday. (他們威脅說如果我週日之前沒有滿足他們的要求就要把我幹掉)
do * in + 使...勞累極了,使...疲憊極了 Playing baseball all day really did me in. (打了一整天的棒球真的把我給累壞了)
do * out of 騙取 (某人的) (財物等);剝奪 (某人的) (權利、機會等) They lied on the reference and did me out of any chance of getting the job.
do * over + 重做,重寫;重新油漆,重新裝飾 (房間等) You made many mistakes, so I want you to do the report over.
do * up + 修理,修繕;整修,整理 It took them six months to do up the house before they could actually move in.
do with + 想要,需要 (通常用在 can 或 could 後面) I could do with a cup of coffee. (我想喝杯咖啡)
I could do with a holiday. (我得休假了)
We can do with an additional assistant. (我們還需要增加一名助理)
do without + 將就不用;沒有...也行;無需 I couldn't do without a car in California.
dob * in 打...的小報告,告發 John dobbed me in to the teacher. (約翰向老師打我的小報告)
dole * out + 發放 (尤指食物、金錢等);分發 The government has agreed to dole out allowances to the elderly. (政府已同意發放老年人津貼)
The students were doling out leaflets in front of the station. (學生在車站前派發傳單)
doss about/around 花時間去做但成果很小或毫無成果;虛耗 (時間) I couldn't get down to my work and dossed about all night.
doss down 將就睡;湊合著睡;(在簡陋的地方) 睡。 I was feeling really tired, so I dossed down on his sofa for the night.
double as + 兼任 (某職位或某角色) The actor doubled as the father in the play. (這位演員在劇中兼演父親的角色)
double (up) as + 也可用作,兼作 The kitchen table doubles as my desk when I'm doing my homework. (我在做家庭作業時,這個餐桌還可以當書桌用)
My study doubles up as a spare bedroom when we have visitors. (我們有訪客時,我的書房也兼作備用的臥房)
double back 原路折返 (尤指始料未及者) When he saw the police, he had to double back. (當他看到警察時,他不得不原路折返)
double over/up (因痛、笑等而) 彎腰、彎身 John doubled over/up in pain after being hit in the stomach. (約翰肚子挨了一擊後痛得彎下腰)
Amy was doubled over/up with the pain in her stomach. (艾美肚子痛得身子都直不起來了)
The students doubled over/up with laughter at every joke. (這些學生每聽完一個笑話都笑得直不起腰來)
double up 共用 We have only one room left, so you'll have to double up with Sam. (我們只剩一個房間,所以你必須跟山姆合住一間了)
doze off 打瞌睡,打盹兒 The movie was a bit boring and I dozed off halfway through.
drag on 拖了;拖得很久;沒完沒了地持續下去 The meeting dragged on for two and a half hours.
draw * back + 後退,退縮 He drew back when the dog barked.
draw * down + 降低層級;減少數量 The administration want to draw down troop numbers as soon as they can.
draw * down + 爭取或取得經費 The college wants to draw down extra funding for IT provision.
draw in (白晝) 漸短;天黑得較早 The nights are drawing in now it's winter.
draw in (火車、公車等) 到站;進站 The train drew in and we got off.
draw into + 使捲入;使涉入;使列入;使加入 I didn't want to take sides because I didn't want to get drawn into their arguments.
draw on (時間) 慢慢地過去 As the lesson drew on, the students started to get bored.
draw on + 吸入 (香菸、雪茄等) 的煙 He drew on his cigarette and coughed.
draw * out + 拖延,拖得很長 The director drew the meeting out with a lengthy speech.
draw * out 使 (害羞的人) 比較外向、活躍或大方 He was so quiet at first, but the teacher managed to draw him out and get him to participate.
draw up (交通工具) 停住,停了下來 The police car drew up alongside him at the red lights and asked him to pull over.
draw * up + 起草;擬定 (計畫、合約等) Let's draw an agreement up before we go any further with this project.
dream of + 想,考慮 (用於否定句) I wouldn't even dream of telling her that.
dream * up + 憑空想出 They dreamed up the scheme for the improvements and it was accepted by the board.
dredge * up + 對 (某人不愉快的往事) 舊事重提或提起 (某人不愉快的往事);重新談到 (不想提起的某人) The newspapers dredged up the details of his affair with his research assistant.
dress * down 嚴厲斥責、訓誡 The mother dressed her son down for skipping school.
dress down 簡便穿著,穿便裝 I am dressing down because we're going to a barbecue by the beach.
dress * up + 裝飾;粉刷 You could dress this house up with some bright colors
dress up 盛裝打扮 She always dresses up at work.
drift apart (思想、感情等) 逐漸疏遠 We were great friends at school but drifted apart when we went to different universities.
drift off 入睡 I was drifting off when the noise disturbed me.
drill down 在電腦中逐層搜尋資料 I really had to drill down to get the answers from the database.
drill * into 反覆教導 The teacher drilled the rules into the students.
drink * up + 喝光;乾杯 Drink up, please; it's closing time.
drive * away + 趕走;驅散 Their unfriendliness drives customers away.
drive * back + 擊退;迫使 (某人) 後退 The invaders were driven back by the army.
The police drove the crowd back to give the rescue workers more space.
drive by 從車上做某事 (如開槍) He was killed in a drive-by shooting.
drive off 驅車離去;用車把 (某人) 送走 She slammed the car door shut and drove  off without saying a word.
drive * out + 驅逐;趕走 The soldiers drove them out of their homes.
drive * up + 提高 (價格);增加 (數量) The market uncertainty has driven prices up.
drone on 嘮嘮叨叨地說個沒完 The minister droned on for an hour and the audience looked increasingly bored.
drop around/round 順便走訪;路過時進去一下 We dropped around to collect the stuff we'd left there last week.
drop * around/round + 運送 I dropped round the things they needed.
drop away (數量) 減少,減小;(質量) 下降 The numbers of people attending began to drop away after a few months.
drop back 落後;落在後面 He stared at the front, but got tired and dropped back as the race went on.
drop by 偶然造訪一下,短暫地造訪,順便進去 He dropped by on his way home from work.
drop in 順便拜訪;順便進去一下 Meg dropped in yesterday after dinner.
drop in on + 順便拜訪;順便進去一下 Let's drop in on Julie since we're driving by her house.
drop * off + 將某人或某物留在某地 I dropped the kids off at school on my way to work.
drop off 睡著,入睡 I dropped off during the play and woke up when it ended.
drop off (數量) 減少,減小 Sales have dropped off in the last few months.
drop out 退出 (某一有組織的活動) Allen isn't on the team any more. He dropped out.
drop out of + 退出 (某一有組織的活動,如退學) It's difficult to get a good job if you drop out of high school.
drop over 偶然造訪;順便拜訪;順便進去一下 Drop over any time you feel like talking.
drop * (someone) in it 使某人陷入麻煩、困境、倒大楣 I really dropped him in it when I told them what he'd done.
drop through 落空,失敗,不能實現 The big scheme he was talking about seems to have dropped through.
drown * in 淹沒;浸沒 They drown the food in sauce.
drown * out + (聲音) 壓過,蓋過 The music drowned out the sound of the phone ringing.
drum * into 強行灌輸,反覆教導 They drum all the traps into you before the test, so you can't go wrong.
drum * out 轟走,開除,強迫某人離職 They drummed the minister out when she was caught lying.
The minister was drummed out of her post for lying. (與 of 連用的被動態比較常用)
drum up + 爭取;招攬 They are trying to drum up support for the referendum.
dry * off + (使) 變乾;(把表面) 擦乾、弄乾 Tom had a shower and dried himself off. (湯姆淋浴後把身體擦乾)
She dried herself off and got dressed. (她擦乾身體後穿上衣服)
dry out 戒酒 He went to a clinic in Taipei to dry out. (他到台北一家診所接受戒酒治療)
dry * out + 使乾透 Sunbathing will dry out your skin. (日光浴會把你的皮膚曬得乾燥)
dry up (河流、湖泊等) 乾涸;(供給等) 中斷;說不出話;(餐具洗後) 擦乾 The lake dried up because of the water extraction for vegetable and fruit farming. (由於抽水灌溉蔬果種植,這個湖泊乾涸了)
Her main source of revenue had dried up, leaving her short of money. (她的主要收入來源中斷了,使她阮囊羞澀)
He dried up in the press conference. (他在記者會上說不出話來)
My wife washed and dried up. (我太太清洗並擦乾餐具)
dry * up + (清洗餐具後) 把 (餐具) 擦乾 I dried the dishes up. (我洗完餐盤後將它們擦乾)
duck out of + 避開;逃避 (計畫做或答應做的事情) He ducked out of helping us last night.
duff * up + 痛毆,痛打,不斷地毆打 He was duffed up in a night club last night.
dumb * down + 使...過於簡單化;(為了大眾化而) 降低素質 Television has been dumbing down the news for years.
dump on + 責備,責難,虧待;傾訴 My boss always dumps on everyone when things go wrong. (當事情出錯時,我老闆總是責怪每個人)
When you're depressed, you need someone to dump on. (當你沮喪時,你需要有個人來聽你傾訴)
dust * down/off + (尤指長時間不用後拿出來) 整理,備好待用;開始複習 (尤指一段時間內擱置不用的技藝或語言) They brought out the old computers, dusted them down and put them back into use. (他們將舊電腦拿出來修理後再使用)
I'll have to dust off my Japanese if we're going to move to Tokyo. (如果我們要搬到東京的話,我就得把日語重新學起來)
dwell on/upon + 老是惦記著;喋喋不休地談論 The programme dwelled on little other than the scandal.
She dwelt upon the economic situation in her speech.

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