常見的片語動詞
Common Phrasal Verbs

 


可分開的片語動詞

受詞可以位在下列片語動詞的後面或將它們分成兩部分:

  • You have to do this paint job over.
  • You have to do over this paint job.

當下列片語動詞的受詞為代名詞時,片語動詞必須分成兩部分:

  • You have to do it over.
動詞 意思 例句
blow up 爆炸 The terrorists tried to blow up the railroad station.
bring up 提起 My mother brought up that little matter of my prison record again.
bring up 養育,扶養 It isn't easy to bring up children nowadays.
call off 取消 They called off this afternoon's meeting
do over 重複,重做 Do this homework over.
fill out 填好 Fill out this application form and mail it in.
fill up 填滿 She filled up the grocery cart with free food.
find out 發現 My sister found out that her husband had been planning a surprise party for her.
give away 贈送 The filling station was giving away free gas.
give back 歸還 My brother borrowed my car. I have a feeling he's not about to give it back.
hand in 呈遞,繳交 The students handed in their papers and left the room.
hang up 懸掛;掛斷電話 She hung up the phone before she hung up her clothes.
hold up 使延遲 I hate to hold up the meeting, but I have to go to the bathroom.
hold up (2) 搶劫 Three masked gunmen held up the Security Bank this afternoon.
leave out 省略,遺漏 You left out the part about the police chase down Asylum Avenue.
look over 檢查,查看 The lawyers looked over the papers carefully before questioning the witness. (They looked them over carefully.)
look up 尋找 (某物),在 (字典中) 查明 You've misspelled this word again. You'd better look it up.
make up 虛構,捏造 She knew she was in trouble, so she made up a story about going to the movies with her friends.
make out 聽到,瞭解 He was so far away, we really couldn't make out what he was saying.
pick out 挑選 There were three men in the line-up. She picked out the guy she thought had stolen her purse.
pick up 舉起,抬起 The crane picked up the entire house. (Watch them pick it up.)
point out 引起注意 As we drove through Paris, Francoise pointed out the major historical sites.
put away 儲蓄,儲存 We put away money for our retirement. She put away the cereal boxes.
put off 延期 We asked the boss to put off the meeting until tomorrow. (Please put it off for another day.)
put on 穿、戴 (衣物、帽子等) I put on a sweater and a jacket. (I put them on quickly.)
put out 熄滅 The firefighters put out the house fire before it could spread. (They put it out quickly.)
read over 詳讀 I read over the homework, but couldn't make any sense of it.
set up 布置,開始 My wife set up the living room exactly the way she wanted it. She set it up.
take down 記下 These are your instructions. Write them down before you forget.
take off 脫去 (衣、帽) It was so hot that I had to take off my shirt.
talk over 討論 We have serious problems here. Let's talk them over like adults.
throw away 丟棄,拋棄 That's a lot of money! Don't just throw it away.
try on 試穿,試戴 She tried on fifteen dresses before she found one she liked.
try out 嚴格地試驗 I tried out four cars before I could find one that pleased me.
turn down 降低音量 Your radio is driving me crazy! Please turn it down.
turn down (2) 拒絕 He applied for a promotion twice this year, but he was turned down both times.
turn off 關掉 (電燈等) We turned off the lights before anyone could see us.
turn off (2) 排斥 It was a disgusting movie. It really turned me off.
turn on 打開 (電燈等) Turn on the CD player so we can dance.
turn up 調高音量 Grandpa couldn't hear, so he turned up his hearing aid.
use up 用光,用盡 The gang members used up all the money and went out to rob some more banks.

 
不可分開的片語動詞 (及物動詞)

在下列的片語動詞中,動詞部分不可與跟隨它的介系詞分開:"Who will look after my estate when I'm gone?"

動詞 意思 例句
call on 叫 (學生) 背誦;要求做 The teacher called on students in the back row.
call on (2) 拜訪 The old minister continued to call on his sick parishioners.
get over (自生病或失望中) 復原,痊癒 I got over the flu, but I don't know if I'll ever get over my broken heart.
go over 複習 The students went over the material before the exam. They should have gone over it twice.
go through 用完,耗盡 They country went through most of its coal reserves in one year. Did he go through all his money already?
look after 照顧,照料 My mother promised to look after my dog while I was gone.
look into 調查 The police will look into the possibilities of embezzlement.
run across 偶遇 I ran across my old roommate at the college reunion.
run into 偶遇,遇見 Carlos ran into his English professor in the hallway.
take after 像,相似 My second son seems to take after his mother.
wait on 伺候,服務 It seemed strange to see my old boss wait on tables.

三個字的片語動詞 (及物動詞)

在下列的片語動詞中,動詞與跟隨它的介系詞加起來共有三個字:"My brother dropped out of school before he could graduate."

動詞 意思 例句
break in on 打斷 (交談) I was talking to Mom on the phone when the operator broke in on our call.
catch up with 追及,趕上 After our month-long trip, it was time to catch up with the neighbors and the news around town.
check up on 檢查,調查 The boys promised to check up on the condition of the summer house from time to time.
come up with 建議,捐獻 After years of giving nothing, the old parishioner was able to come up with a thousand-dollar donation.
cut down on 縮減 (開支) We tried to cut down on the money we were spending on entertainment.
drop out of 中途退學 I hope none of my students drop out of school this semester.
get along with 相處融洽 I found it very hard to get along with my brother when we were young.
get away with 逃避處罰 Janik cheated on the exam and then tried to get away with it.
get rid of 除去 The citizens tried to get rid of their corrupt mayor in the recent election.
get through with 完成 When will you ever get through with that program?
keep up with 趕得上,保持與.....同樣的速度 It's hard to keep up with the Joneses when you lose your job!
look forward to 快樂地期盼,盼望 I always look forward to the beginning of a new semester.
look down on 輕視,瞧不起 It's typical of a jingoistic country that the citizens look down on their geographical neighbors.
look in on 順道拜訪 (某人) We were going to look in on my brother-in-law, but he wasn't home.
look out for 注意查看,預見 Good instructors will look out for early signs of failure in their students
look up to 尊敬 First-graders really look up to their teachers.
make sure of 查明 Make sure of the student's identity before you let him into the classroom.
put up with 忍耐 The teacher had to put up with a great deal of nonsense from the new students.
run out of 耗盡 The runners ran out of energy before the end of the race.
take care of 負責,照顧 My oldest sister took care of us younger children after Mom died.
talk back to 反唇相譏,頂嘴 The star player talked back to the coach and was thrown off the team.
think back on 憶起,記起 I often think back on my childhood with great pleasure.
walk out on 遺棄 Her husband walked out on her and their three children.

不及物的片語動詞

下列的片語動詞後面不加受詞:"Once you leave home, you can never really go back again."

動詞 意思 例句
break down 損壞,故障 That old Jeep had a tendency to break down just when I needed it the most.
catch on 變得流行 Popular songs seem to catch on in California first and then spread eastward.
come back 回到 (某地) Father promised that we would never come back to this horrible place.
come in 進入 They tried to come in through the back door, but it was locked.
come to 恢復知覺 He was hit on the head very hard, but after several minutes, he started to come to again.
come over 訪問 The children promised to come over, but they never do.
drop by 未事先約定地造訪 We used to just drop by, but they were never home, so we stopped doing that.
eat out 在 (餐廳等) 用餐 When we visited Paris, we loved eating out in the sidewalk cafes.
get by 存活 Uncle Heine didn't have much money, but he always seemed to get by without borrowing money from relatives.
get up 起床,起來 Grandmother tried to get up, but the couch was too low, and she couldn't make it on her own.
go back 回到 (某地) It's hard to imagine that we will ever go back to Kaohsiung.
go on 繼續 He would finish one Dickens novel and then just go on to the next.
go on (2) 發生 The cops heard all the noise and stopped to see what was going on.
grow up 長大 Charles grew up to be a lot like his father.
keep away 遠離 The judge warned the stalker to keep away from his victim's home.
keep on ( +Ving) 繼續 (做某事) He tried to keep on singing long after his voice was ruined.
pass out 昏厥,失去知覺 He had drunk too much; he passed out on the sidewalk outside the bar.
show off 炫耀 Whenever he sat down at the piano, we knew he was going to show off.
show up 出現 Day after day, Efrain showed up for class twenty minutes late.
wake up 起床,喚醒 I woke up when the rooster crowed.

Guide to Grammar and Writing