Writing Concise Sentences
Many uneducated citizens
|3 am in the morning||3 am|
|a person who is honest||an honest person|
|a total of 14 birds||14 birds|
|biography of her life||biography|
|consensus of opinion||consensus|
|each and every||each|
|exactly the same||the same|
|frank and honest exchange||frank exchange or honest exchange|
|he/she is a person who . . .||he/she|
|in spite of the fact that||although|
in the field of
|in economics/law enforcement|
|in the event that||if|
|job functions||job or functions|
|one and the same||the same|
|period of four days||four days|
|personally, I think/feel||I think/feel|
|puzzling in nature||puzzling|
|shorter/longer in length||shorter/longer|
|small/large in size||small/large|
|square/round/rectangular in shape||square/round/rectangular|
|surrounded on all sides||surrounded|
|the future to come||the future|
|there is no doubt but that||no doubt|
|we are in receipt of||we have received|
由於在日益科技化的世界，我們越來越仰賴縮寫 (abbreviations)和頭字語 (acronyms)，一種特殊的冗贅正在我們現代世界中擴散蔓延。"ATM machine" 是冗贅的說法，因為 ATM 就是 Automated Teller Machine (自動提款機) 的縮寫。同理，"HIV virus" 和 " AIDS syndrome" 亦是冗贅的說法，因為 HIV 意謂 Human Immunodeficiency Virus (人類免疫不足病毒__愛滋病毒)，而 AIDS 意謂 Acquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome (後天免疫不足症候群__愛滋病)；"CPU unit" 亦然，因為 CPU 意謂 Central Processing Unit (中央處理器)。當我們以 "CPU units" 來表示複數時，這聽起來特別可笑，因為這不就變成了 Central Processing Unit units。所以，當我們在演說 (尤其是在正式寫作中) 使用縮寫或頭字語時，最好事先弄懂各個字母的意思，以免製造新的冗贅。
|all things considered||
All things considered, Connecticut's
woodlands are in better shape now than ever before.
|as a matter of fact||
As a matter of fact, there are more
woodlands in Connecticut now than there were in 1898.
|as far as I'm concerned||
As far as I'm concerned, there is no need
for further protection of woodlands.
|at the present time||
This is because there are fewer farmers at
the present time.
This is because there are fewer farmers now.
|because of the fact that||
Woodlands have grown in area because
of the fact that farmers have abandoned their fields.
Woodlands have grown in area because farmers have abandoned their fields.
|by means of||
Major forest areas are coming back by
means of natural processes.
Major forest areas are coming back through natural processes. (or naturally)
|by virtue of the fact that||
Our woodlands are coming back by virtue
of the fact that our economy has shifted its emphasis.
Our woodlands are coming back
|due to the fact that||
Due to the fact that their habitats are
being restored, forest creatures are also re-establishing their
The fear that exists among many people
that we are losing our woodlands is uncalled for.
|for all intents and purposes||
The era in which we must aggressively
defend our woodlands has, for all intents and purposes, passed.
The era in which we must aggressively defend our woodlands has
|for the most part||
For the most part, people's suspicions are
based on a misunderstanding of the facts.
|for the purpose of||
Many woodlands, in fact, have been
purchased for the purpose of creating public parks.
Many woodlands, in fact, have been purchased
|have a tendency to||
This policy has a tendency to isolate some
|in a manner of speaking||
The policy has, in a manner of speaking,
begun to Balkanize the more rural parts of our state.
The policy has
|in a very real sense||
In a very real sense, this policy works to
the detriment of those it is supposed to help.
|in my opinion||
In my opinion, this wasteful policy ought
to be revoked.
|in the case of||
In the case of this particular policy,
citizens of northeast Connecticut became very upset.
Citizens of northeast Connecticut became very upset about his policy.
|in the final analysis||
In the final analysis, the state would have
been better off without such a policy.
|in the event that||
In the event that enough people protest, it
will probably be revoked.
If enough people protest, it will probably be revoked.
|in the nature of||
Something in the nature of a repeal may
soon take place.
|in the process of||
Legislators are already in the process of
reviewing the statutes.
Legislators are already
|it seems that||
It seems that they can't wait to get rid of
They have monitored the activities of
conservationists in a cautious manner.
They have cautiously monitored the activities of conservationists.
|the point I am trying to make||
The point I am trying to make is that
sometimes public policy doesn't accomplish what it set out to achieve.
Legislators need to be more careful of the
type of policy they propose.
Legislators need to be more careful of the
|what I mean to say is||
What I mean to say is that well
intentioned lawmakers sometimes make fools of themselves.
|不必要時，避免使用 really, very, quite, extremely, severely 等字。我們只要說 "the salary increase is inadequate." 就夠了。如果說 "it is severely inadequate." 可能給人一種歇斯底里的感覺。這些字眼不應從你的字彙中刪除，但少用時反而可達到最佳的效果。|
|避免虛字 (假主詞) 結構|
|這聽起來好像是政治人物必須學習來避免的事物，非也! 以 there is/are 或 it is 做開頭的虛字結構 (expletive construction) 往往使句子的能量喪失，軟趴趴地無力表現句子的中心意旨。|
Guide to Grammar and Writing