容易混淆的字二部曲


容易混淆的字首部曲

回我們容易搞混的英文字

 


127. The grizzled old hunter chewed on a gristly piece of meat and told a grisly tale of being  mauled by grizzly bears.
grizzled:灰髮的,銀髮的 (grey haired)。gristly:堅韌的,軟骨的 (tough, filled with cartilage)。grisly:可怕的 (causing fear or disgust)。grizzly:北美灰熊 (large North American bear)。
 
128. A portrait of the last criminal to be hanged in Arizona was hung on her bedroom wall.
hanged:被絞死,吊死 (executed by being suspended by the neck from a rope)。hung:懸掛 (supported or suspended from above; attached to the wall)。
 
129. They were certainly hardy lads and they worked up a hearty appetite on their twenty-mile  hike.
hardy:強壯的 (robust, capable of withstanding adverse conditions)。hearty:健康的 (exhibiting vigorous good health)。
 
130. Food can be called healthful if it helps us lead healthy lives.
healthful:有益健康的 (implies a positive contribution to a healthy condition)。healthy:健康的 (enjoying health and vigor of body, mind, or spirit )。
 
131. The movie's heroine died of an overdose of heroin.
heroine:女主角。heroin:海洛英。
 
132. The publication of Morrison's first historical novel proved to be a historic event.
historical:歷史的,根據歷史的 (belong or pertaining to history)。historic:有歷史性的,歷史上著名的 (famous or important in history)。
 
133. The trouble with the economy is that hordes of people are starting to hoard their money.
horde:大群,大夥 -- 通常是難以控制的(large group, often unruly)。hoard:聚藏 (to collect in a hidden reserve)。
 
134. homonym:同音異義字 -- 發音和拼字相似,但意思不同的字 [如,quail (鵪鶉  -- 名詞) 和 quail (畏縮 -- 動詞)]。homophone:同音異義字 -- 發音相似,但拼字和意思不同的字 (如,to, too和 two)。homograph:同形異義字 -- 拼字相似,但發音和意思不同的字 [如,bow (弓箭) 和 bow (船首)]。注意:動詞 obJECT 和名詞 OBject 等字是 homograph,不是 homonym,因為它們發音不同。
 
135. In less than an hour, the voters in our town are going to vote for us.
hour:小時。our:我們的。
 
136. In preparing for his most spectacular illusion, the magician made an allusion to the magic  of Houdini.
illusion:幻象,錯覺 (something that deceives or misleads, especially the vision)。allusion:提及 (reference)。
 
 
137. They have immigrated to this city from all over eastern Europe; later on, they may decide  to emigrate elsewhere.
immigrate:移民 -- 移入 (to come into a country of which one is not a native of permanent residence)。emigrate:移民 -- 移出 (to leave your place of residence or country to live elsewhere)。
 
138. immoral -- 參見 amoral (No.11)。
 
139. impromptu -- 參見 extemporaneous (No.110)。
 
140. His language implies a prejudice against Native Taiwanese; you can infer that from  certain passages in his latest speech.
imply:暗示 (to involve or indicate by inference, association)。infer:推論,推斷 (to derive as a conclusion from facts or premises)。
 
141. The incidence of incidents involving racist slurs has become intolerable.
incidence:發生率,罹病率 (the rate at which something occurs)。incident:事件 -- 通常是指小事件 (an event, usually a minor one)。
 
142. This incipient revolution seems to be based on the most stupid and insipid causes.
incipient:剛開始的,初期的 (beginning to come into being)。insipid:無特色的,枯燥乏味的 (lacking in qualities that interest, stimulate, or challenge )。
 
143. He was incredulous that his brother could perform such incredible feats on the parallel  bars.
incredulous:不輕易相信的 (unwilling to admit or accept what is offered as true)。incredible:難以置信的 (too extraordinary and improbable to be believed)。
 
144. The scientists produced an indeterminate study concerning the indeterminable number of  stars in the universe.
indeterminate:不確定的,未決定的,模糊的 (undecided, vague)。indeterminable:不能確定的,難決定的 (impossible to discover or decide)。
 
145. The witness was asked to indite the reasons he thought the grand jury should indict his  boss for extortion.
indite:撰寫 (to compose a written communicaton)。indict:起訴,控告 (to charge with a crime)。
 
146. The truck was mistakenly marked INFLAMMABLE so the firefighters thought the  noninflammable material was dangerously flammable.
inflammable:易燃的,可燃的 (burnable, explosive)。flammable:易燃的,可燃的 (burnable, explosive)。noninflammable:不可燃的 (non-burnable, nonexplosive)。註:"flammable" 和 "inflammable" 意思相同,它們的反義字是 noninflammable。
 
147. The tyrant inflicted great hardship on the people. They felt afflicted with his harsh  regime.
inflicted:強加給,使遭受 (caused suffering) -- 與 on 連用。afflicted:使痛苦,折磨 (distressed, troubled) -- 與 with 連用。
 
148. Her naive and ingenuous mother expressed amazement that her daughter could create  such an ingenious demonstration for the science fair.
ingenuous:率直的,誠懇的,樸實的 (showing innocent or childlike simplicity and candidness)。ingenious:聰明的,有創作頭腦的,精巧的 (marked by originality, resourcefulness, and cleverness)。
 
149. The insidious nature of her argument suggests an invidious comparison.
insidious:陰險的,奸詐的 (treacherous; harmful but enticing)。invidious:招嫉妒的,令人嫌惡的,易招怨恨的 (tending to cause discontent, animosity, or envy; obnoxious )。
 
150. There were, for instance, several instances in which the latch failed and the door floor  open, just at the the most dangerous instant.
instance:例子 (example)。instances:事件 (happenings, events)。instant:瞬間,剎那 (immediate, precise moment)。[鮮少場合會使用 instant 的複數 instants 。]
 
151. In the intense heat, the team of scientists did an intensive study of the extensive crop   damage.
intense:激烈的,非常的 (strong in quality or degree)。intensive:密集的,集中的 (employing much effort, concentration)。extensive:廣泛的,廣闊的 (wide-ranging, large in scope)。
 
152. The scientists were intensely focused on the problem. They studied it intently for months.
intensely:激烈地,劇烈地 (extremely, very strongly)。intently:專心地,專注地 (manner of paying close attention to something)。
 
153. its and it's (No. 1)。
 
154. jibe and jive -- 參見 gibe (No.124)。
 
155. His income soared during the past three years [不是 "last"]. Jonathan Swift's last novel was Gulliver's Travels. Toni Morrison's most recent novel was Paradise [也不是她的 "last" -- 我們希望不是她的「最後」一本].
past:過去的。last:最後的。recent:最近的。
 
156. She made a laudatory speech concerning the students' laudable accomplishments.
laudatory:讚賞的,褒揚的 (praising, filled with praise)。laudable:值得讚賞、嘉許的,值得褒揚的 (praiseworthy)。
 
157. lawyer -- 參見 attorney (No.31)。
 
158. She lays it down, laid it down, has laid it down, is laying it down.
lay:置放,布置等 -- 後面接受詞。lie:躺,臥,位於等 -- 後面不接受詞。
 
159. She lies down, lay down, has lain down, is lying down.

LIELAY 的時態變化

人稱 現在式 過去式 完成式型態 分詞型態
第一 I lie in bed I lay in bed I have lain in bed I am lying in bed
第三 she lies in bed she lay in bed she has lain in bed she is lying in bed
第一 I lay it down I laid it down I have laid it down I am laying it down
第三 she lays it down she laid it down she has laid it down she is laying it down
 
160. As he led his soldiers into battle, his feet seemed made of lead.
led:lead (領導,率領) 的過去式。lead:鉛。
 
161. liablelikely -- 參見 apt (No.30)。
 
162. The lightning striking all around them, the sailors proceeded in their task of lightening   the cargo.
lightning:閃電 (atmospheric electric discharge)。lightening:減輕 (making less heavy)。[ "lightning" 也可當動詞用:It lightninged all afternoon.]
 
163. She is tall like her mother. She is not as tall as her father, though.
like:像,似 (having the characteristics of)。as:如同,像...一樣 (in the way or manner that)。[一般大多使用 as 來引導子句 (as her father is tall)。這項區別並不如一些人所想像的那麼重要。]
 
164. literally -- 參見 figuratively (No.112)。
 
165. I am loath to associate with people who loathe me.
loath:不願意的,勉強的 (reluctant)。loathe:厭惡,討厭 (despise)。
 
166. My shoes are so loose that I'm going to lose them.
loose:鬆的,不牢的 (not rigidly fastened or securely attached)。lose:失去,不再有 (to miss from your possession)。
 
167. I hope the bank can arrange a loan for me. If not, I hope my sister can lend me some  money.
loan:貸款。lend:借(出)。
 
168. A luxuriant tropical garden was planted on the grounds of the most luxurious hotel in  town.
luxuriant:茂盛的 (growing profusely)。luxurious:奢侈的,豪華的 (very comfortable and grandly appointed)。
 
169. It has been raining way too much and for too many days.
much:許多 (great quantity) -- 不可數。many:許多 (great in number, numerous) -- 可數。
 
170. Juan and Maria thought that studying the martial arts, like judo, would improve their  marital relationship.
martial:戰爭的,好戰的 (related to war, fighting)。marital:婚姻的 (related to marriage)。
 
171. may -- 參見「文法寫作指南」的語氣助動詞。
 
172. He hardly deserves a medal (made out of any kind of metal), nor did he show true mettle  when he tried to meddle in our affairs.
medal:獎牌 (commemorative, coin-shaped device)。metal:金屬 (a class of mineral substances)。mettle:勇氣,魄力 (courage, determined character)。meddle:干涉 (to interfere, to tinker)。
 
173. The moral of this story is that the morale of a military unit is extremely important.
moral:教育意義,寓意 (a lesson or principle)。morale:士氣 (the state of spirits of a person or group)。
 
174. In the moribund condition of her government, the empress gave way to morbid   reflections on her death.
moribund:垂死的 (in a dying state)。morbid:不健康的,病態的 (unwholesome, preoccupied with gloomy thoughts)。
 
175. My great-great-grandfather, a naval officer in the Civil War, was killed when he was  struck in the navel by a cannonball.
naval:海軍的,軍艦的 (relating to ships or shipping, especially warships)。navel:肚臍 (bellybutton)。
 
176. Now that you know that no one is at home, walk right in.
這三個字的意思不用說明了吧!
 
177. He made an oral commitment to speak on the biological, aural aspects of listening. He  has extraordinary verbal skills.
oral:口頭的,口述的,口的,口服的 (spoken, not written; of the mouth)。aural:聽覺的,聽力的 (relating to the ear or the sense of hearing)。verbal:與言辭有關的,文字上的 (relating to, or consisting  of words)。[許多寫作者堅持 oralverbal 之間是有區別的。]
 
178. A palette is that thumb-held device that painters use to mix their colors on. The palate is  the roof of your mouth or the sense of taste. And a pallet is either a hard, narrow bed or a  device to carry things on.
palette:調色盤 (device on which colors are mixed)。palate:上顎,味覺 (roof of the mouth or sense of taste)。pallet:(搬運貨物用的) 行李台,輸送台 (hard, narrow bed or device to carry things on)。
 
179. Whatever has passed us by is now in the past.
passed:經過,通過 -- pass 的過去式。past:過去 (time that has gone by)。
 
180. The two lawyers walked around the perimeter of the estate as they discussed the  parameters of the case.
perimeter:周圍,周邊 (distance around the border of a plane surface)。parameters:參數,變數 (variables that determine the characteristics of the whole)。
 
181. You must have patience in dealing with the patients in this clinic.
patience:容忍,忍耐,耐性 (the capacity, habit, or fact of being patient)。patients:病人 (individuals awaiting or under medical care and treatment)。
 
182. The period of peace between the two wars is an interesting piece of history.
peace:和平,安寧 (a state of tranquillity or quiet)。piece:部分 (part of a whole, fragment)。
 
183. They climbed to the mountain peak to take a peek at the sunrise. They left in a pique   because other climbers were already there.
peak:山峰,山頂 (summit)。peek:偷看,偷窺 (peep or glance)。pique:(因自尊心受傷害而引起的) 嘔氣,生氣,不悅 (feeling of hurt pride)。
 
184. The peasant was surprised when the king served him pheasant for dinner.
peasant:(現在尤用來指發展中國家或從前的) 農民,農夫 (lower class, farm laborer)。pheasant:雉雞 (long-tailed game bird)。
 
185. He peddled his baskets of flower petals as he pedaled his bike around town.
peddle:叫賣,販賣 (to sell goods)。petal:花瓣 (colored parts of a flower head)。pedal:騎腳踏車 (ride a bike)。
 
186. 我們使用 percent 來表示一項數值的一部份,即百分之... (的),例如:Only two percent   of the  students failed. 我們使用 percentage 來表示一項比率,即百分比,例如:The percentage  of students who fail has decreased.
 
187. To carry out or prosecute one's legal responsibilities is a fine thing; to persecute a fellow  citizen is not.
prosecute:起訴,檢控 (to carry out a legal charge)。persecute:迫害 (to harrass)。
 
188. The personnel office had a great deal of personal information in its files.
personnel:人員,人事 (a division of an organization concerned employees and employments)。personal:個人的,私人的 (of, relating to, or affecting a person)。
 
189. He was poring over his books when he accidently poured coffee all over his papers.
poring:熟讀 (reading studiously)。poured:使流,倒 (to cause something to flow)。
 
190. The new lab seemed practical enough, but building it was hardly practicable in that tiny building.
practical:實用的,實際的 (useful, sensible)。practicable:行得通的,可行的 (capable of being put into practice or of being done; feasible)。
 
191. In the 1950s, pro basketball was predominantly a game won predominately by teams on  the east coast.
predominantly:大多,主要地 (mainly)。predominately:佔優勢地 (with superiority)。
 
192. The high school principal said today that the principal problem with today's youth is their  lack of moral principles.
第一個 principal:校長,院長 (the chief executive officer of an educational institution)。第二個 principal:最重要的,主要的,首要的 (most important, consequential, or influential -- chief)。principles:基本原理,行為規範 (a comprehensive and fundamental law, code of conduct)。
 
193. The hyenas seem to pray over their prey before devouring it.
pray:禱告,懇求,哀求 (to address God; to implore or entreat)。prey:獵物 (an animal taken by a predator as food)。
 
194. The lawyer's memory of precedents seemed to take precedence over his memory of other  matters.
precedents:先例,前例 (previous cases, things that came before)。precedence:優先 (priority in time or order)。
 
195. The premier of the new nation was thrilled when he was allowed to attend the film's  premiere.
premier:行政院長,首相,總理 (prime minister)。premiere:電影的首映會 (first showing)。
 
196. presently -- 參見 currently (No.77)。
 
197. We will now proceed to the part that should precede the ending.
proceed:進行,開始進行,繼續進行 (to begin and carry on an action, process, or movement)。precede:在前,在先 (to be earlier than)。
 
198. Jeremiah would prophesy whenever he felt the people needed to hear a prophecy.
prophesy:預言,預告 (to foretell) -- 動詞。prophecy:預言 (foretelling) -- 名詞。[注意:英文沒有 prophesize 這個字。]
 
199. He collapsed forward, prostrate on the floor, when he heard that he had cancer of the  prostate gland.
prostrate:倒下的,俯臥的,伏地的 (lying horizontally, face down)。prostate:攝護腺 (又稱前列腺)。
 
200. The troops moved purposefully toward their doom, relying on the false information their  leaders had purposely given them.
purposefully:果斷地 (done in a way that shows determination)。purposely:故意地 (intentionally)。
 
201. We'll have to be quite quiet. Quit making noise!
quite:完全地,的確,確實地 (completely, positively)。quite:平靜的,靜止的,安靜的 (calm, still, silent)。quit:停止 (stop)。
 
202. She often quoted Shakespeare, using quotations [並非 quotes] when it sometimes seemed  quite inappropriate.
quote:引用 (to speak or write a passage from another) -- 動詞。quotation:引用的文句 (a passage quoted) -- 名詞。
 
203. They studied racist attitudes in the new course on racial studies.
racist:種族歧視的,種族偏見的 (based on a belief in racial superiority)。racial:種族的 (pertaining to race)。
 
204. rack -- 參見 wrack
 
205. He threw his tennis racquet across the court and his fans started making a terrific racket.   The mafia was running several rackets in Chicago at the time.
racquet:(網球等的) 球拍。racket:1. 喧嘩,鼓譟 (a din, a noisy fuss) 2. 非法勾當 (illegal operation)。[racquet 亦可拼成 racket]
 
206. During the reign of Charles I, it was against the law to use a leather rein during the rain.
reign:統治 (the rule of a sovereign leader)。rein:韁繩 (a long narrow strap used to guide a horse)。rain:下雨。
 
207. Yesterday she read from the red book instead of the blue one.
read:閱讀 -- 現在式,過去式和過去分詞都是 read。red:紅色。
 
208. These sociologists made a really important contribution to our understanding of some  real problems in urban America.
really:確實地,真正地 (positively)。real:真實的,真正的 (factual, not imaginary)。
 
209. He knew that he would grow to resent the public's interest in his recent escapades.
resent:對...感到憤恨,不滿,憎惡 (to feel displeased about)。recent:最近的,不久前的 (not long past)。
 
210. The actors bowed respectfully to the royal couple and then to the people in the audience  and to their friends backstage, respectively.
respectfully:恭敬地,有禮地 (marked by or showing respect or deference)。respectively:分別,個別地 (in the order given)。
 
211. We wept with joy as we read the famous critic's review of our new musical revue.
review:評論。revue:輕鬆歌舞劇,時事諷刺劇。
 
212. He had no right to write a new rite for the church.
right:權利。write:寫。rite:儀式。
 
213. Grandpa rises slowly from the couch. He raises pigs.

RAISERISE 的時態變化

人稱 現在式 過去式 完成式型態 分詞型態
第一 I rise from  the couch I rose from  the couch I have risen   from the  couch I am rising
from the
couch
第三 she rises
from the
couch
she rose
from the
couch
she has
risen from  the couch
she is rising
from the
couch
第一 I raise pigs I raised pigs I have raised pigs I am raising pigs
第三 she raises
pigs
she raised pigs she has raised pigs she is raising
pigs
rise:起身,起立。raise:舉起,飼養。[順便一提的是,我們不是  "raise"  children,而是 REAR children -- 除非他們像動物一樣長大,在這種情況中,我們可以說 we have "raised" them.]
 
214. These sociologists made a really important contribution to our understanding of some real   problems in urban America.
really:實際地,確實地 (positively)。real:實際的,真實的 (factual, not imaginary)。
 
215. The attorney was reluctant to force her reticent witness to testify.
reluctant:不願的 (hesitant)。reticent:沈默的,寡言的 (quiet, restrained)。
 
216. In his role as an absent-minded professor, Janina Delbartico called the roll of the wrong class.
role:角色 (part of an actor)。roll:名冊 (official list or register) -- call the roll:點名。
 
217. The mayor's involvement in salacious behavior has certainly not been salutary for his health or the health of the community.
salacious:猥褻的,淫穢的 (lewd, erotic)。salutary:有益健康的,合乎衛生的 (beneficial to health)。
 
218. We have seen the last scene of this play before.
seen:see 的過去分詞。scene:出事地點,舞台布景 (place of an occurence, a stage setting)。
 
219. He doesn't seem to have much sense since he fell on his head.
sense:意識 (capacity for effective application of the powers of the mind)。since:自從 (from a definite past time until now)。
 
220. Her poetry is quite sensuous. In fact, some people find it quite sensual.
sensuous:刺激感官的,給人美感的 (having a strong appeal to the senses)。sensual:肉體上的,肉慾的,性感的 (indulgent to the physical senses; often sexual)。
 
221. Set it down here. The computer was sitting here a minute ago.
set:置於,放在 (place, put)。sit:(位) 在 (to occupy a place)。[set 後面接受詞。記住:物體可以 sit。]
 
222. The moon shone brightly over the old theater where movies were shown nightly.
shone (shine 的過去式和過去分詞):發光,射光,照耀 (to give out or reflect light)。shown (show 的過去分詞):顯示,表現,表演,上映 (to allow or cause to be seen, demonstrated)。[shine 的過去式和過去分詞也可寫成 shined。]
 
223. She chose this site because of its view. The sight of the old house brought tears to her  eyes. She would cite the passage from Genesis.
site:現場,場地,場所,用地 (the spatial location of an actual or planned structure)。sight:觀,視,視野 (view)。cite:引用,援引 (to quote by way of example, authority, or proof)。
 
224. The old man would often complain about money and scrimp, but he would never skimp when it came to his own clothing.
scrimp:節儉,節省 (to be stingy, excessively frugal)。skimp:少給,不足量地供應 (to provide inadequately)。
 
225. The stationery department, where they sell envelopes and writing paper, is in a stationary   place.
stationery:文具,信紙 (materials such as pens, paper and ink for writing or typing)。stationary:固定的 (permanent, unmoving)。
 
226. There is a town statute making it against the law for people of small stature to climb on  the park's statue of the mayor.
statute:法規,法令 (a law enacted by the legislative branch of a government)。stature:身材,身高 [natural height (as of a person) in an upright position]。statue:雕像 (a three-dimensional representation; sculpture)。
 
227. When you swallow, food goes to your stomach. He was punched in the abdomen.
stomach:胃。abdomen:腹 (部)。
 
228. sympathy -- 參見 empathy (No.98)。
 
229. Take that horrible thing away. Bring me some aspirin.
take :拿走,取走,帶走,搬走。bring:拿來,帶來,取來。
 
230. The highly touted critic would taunt his taut-lipped brother whenever he thought he had  taught him a lesson.
tout:高度讚揚,吹捧 (to praise) -- touted 在此當形容詞用。taunt:嘲笑,激怒 (to jeer at, to provoke)。taut:拉緊的,緊繃的 (not slack, firm)。taught:(teach 的過去式和過去分詞) 教導 (instructed),給...一個教訓。
 
231. I'm taller than my father. Let's eat first; then we'll go to the movies.
than:比較。then:當時,屆時,然後 (at that time or soon after that)。
 
232. The bridge that spans the Connecticut River, which flows into Long Island Sound, is  falling down.
that 和 which 的用法說明請參見「文法寫作指南」的「子句」。
 
233. They're driving their new car over there this afternoon.
they're = they are。their:they 的所有格 (第三人稱複數)。there:那裡 (in or at that place)。
 
234. He threw a baseball right through the neighbor's front window. The neighbor made a  thorough report to the police.
threw:投擲 (to propel through the air, hurl) -- throw 的過去式。through:經過,通過。thorough:完全的,徹底的 (complete in every way)。[thru 這個字並非標準英語]
 
235. In two hours, it's going to be too hot to go to town.
two 和 too 應該不用解釋了吧! 第一個 to 是任何不定詞的第一部份,而第二個 to 是介系詞。
 
236. They endured a torturous journey up the long and tortuous tributary of the Amazon.
torturous:使痛苦的,充滿痛苦的 (very unpleasant or painful)。tortuous:彎曲的,蜿蜒的,曲折的 (marked by repeated twists, bends, or turns)。
 
237. That trooper was a real trouper.
trooper:(美國) 州警,騎兵,裝甲兵 (police or military officer)。trouper:做事負責勤勉的人,忠於職守、不辭辛苦的人 (someone who perseveres and succeeds in spite of hardships )。
 
238. The politician's speech managed to be both turgid and turbid at the same time.
turgid:浮誇的,誇張的 (pompous, swollen, not flexible)。turbid:混淆不清的,混亂的 (not clear, confused)。
 
239. It seemed so utterly unconscionable that the elderly couple should be robbed while they were unconscious.
unconscionable:過份而說不過去的,肆無忌憚的 (unscrupulous, outrageous)。unconscious:失去知覺的,不醒人事的 (not aware)。
 
240. Although the former mayor's career was unexceptionable, his personality was so bland  that he was regarded as an unexceptional candidate for congress.
unexceptionable:無可非難的,無懈可擊的 (faultless)。unexceptional:無例外的,普通的,平常的 (quite ordinary)。
 
241. verbal -- 參見 oral (No.177)。
 
242. Is being venal listed among the venial sins?
venal貪污的,腐敗的,可用金錢賄賂的 (capable of being bribed)。venial:可原諒的,輕微的 (pardonable, not serious)。
 
243. His waist continued to grow and grow, but no food was allowed to waste in his house!
waist:腰,腰部。waste:浪費,耗損 (to fail to use or use extravagantly)。

WAKEAWAKE 的時態變化

這兩個動詞的意思幾乎相同 -- 喚醒,起床 -- 且都可以當做及物動詞 (I woke up the dog.) 和不及物動詞 (I am waking up.) 使用。"awaken" 比較正式一點 (有人會說比較呆板和拘謹)。"to wake" 幾乎都是用做片語動詞,後面接 "up" -- 除了「喪葬前一天晚上的守靈、守屍」的意思外。
人稱 現在式 過去式 完成式型態 分詞型態
第一 I wake up/
awake/awaken
I woke up/
awoke/awoken
I have
woken up/have  woken /have
awoken
I am waking up/am awaking/am awakening
這些動詞的被動態與 to speak 的被動態一樣。我們說 "Angry words have been spoken." 及 "The children have been  woken/awoken/woken up by the thunder."
 
244. I used to wonder how he could just wander around the city like that.
wonder:對...感到驚奇,想要知道 (be curious about)。wander:閒逛,徘徊,漫遊 (to move around without plan)。
 
245. well -- 參見 good (No.126)。
 
246. Where were you? We're over here.
were:are 的過去式。we're:we are 的縮寫。
 
247. I don't know whether we'll go or not. I think it depends on the weather.
whether:是否,...抑或...。weather:天氣。
 
248. which -- 參見 that (No.232)。
 
249. She ate the whole donut, hole and all.
whole:全部的,整個的 (complete)。hole:洞,孔 (an opening through something)。
 
250. Whose book is that? Who's there?
whose:who 的所有格。who's:who is  的縮寫。
 
251. Visiting the reeking wrack and ruin of an old shipyard, we racked our brains trying to   remember the author of "The Wreck of the Hesperus," which tells how an iceberg  wreaked havoc on a ship.
reeking:惡臭的 (smelling strongly or unpleasantly)。wrack:(建築物等的) 毀壞,荒廢 (a ruin, a destroyed remnant) -- wrack and ruin:毀壞。rack:使焦慮,使痛苦,折磨 (to stretch or strain or torment) -- to rack one's brains:絞盡腦汁。wreck:殘骸 (remains of something ruined)。wreak:使...招致,造成 (to inflict, to cause)。
 
252. You're doing your own homework, I hope.
you're:you are 的縮寫。your:you 的所有格。


回我們容易搞混的英文字