容易混淆的字首部曲


容易混淆的字二部曲

回我們容易搞混的英文字

 


1. What is its color? It's green. It's been a long, long time.
這些字之所以未依英文字母順序排列而最先端上桌,是因為它們是英文中最常搞混的字。
it's 是 it is 或 it has,而 its 是 it 的所有格。
 
2. With her speaking skills, she has the ability to fill the auditorium to its capacity.
ability:能力,才幹 (physical, mental, or legal power to perform. competence)。capacity :容量 (limit)。
 
3. The minister adjured his wayward congregation to abjure the sins of the flesh.
adjure:敦促或力勸 (to urge or advice earnestly)。abjure:發誓放棄 (to renounce under oath)。
 
4. I would accept your excuse, except the part about losing the watch.
accept:接受 (to receive willingly)。except:除...之外 (with the exclusion of)。
 
5. The number of students who wanted access to the computer labs was in excess of two  hundred.
access:使用或進入的權利 (right to use or enter)。excess:過多,超額 (too many, more than needed)。
 
6. The government would often adopt policies that required people to adapt to a harsh  regime.
adopt:採取,採用 (to accept or take in as one's own)。adapt:使適應,使適合 (to make or become suitable for a new use)。
 
7. The trouble with many adolescents is that they never seem to grow out of adolescence.
adolescent:青春期的青年男女 (individuals going through adolescence)。adolescence:青春期 (the period of growth and maturation before adulthood)。
 
8. I need your advice. Please advise me on this.
advice:意見,勸告 (recommendation regarding a decision)。advise:建議,商量 (to give advice to, to counsel)。
 
9. The teacher's aide more than once came to the aid of her supervisor.
aide:助理,助手 (someone who assists or supports)。aid:幫助,援助 (assistance)。
[AIDS 是 Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome (後天免疫不足症候群,即愛滋病) 的頭字語 (acronym),拼字都是大寫。]
 
10. She was confused, displaying ambivalent feelings about the ambiguous situation they'd  gotten into.
ambivalent:雙重性格,情緒矛盾:對同一事物同時具有兩種對立的感情或態度的精神狀態 ,如又愛又恨 (showing mixed or confused feelings)。ambiguous:曖昧的,不明確的,不確定的,有兩種以上意思的 (doubtful, uncertain, having two or more meanings)。
 
 
11. Sometimes it seems more shocking to be amoral than to be immoral .
amoral:與道德無關的,沒有道德觀念的 (without morals or standards of behavior)。immoral:不道德的,邪惡的 (disposed to act contrary to accepted morals)。
 
12. After we have the jeweler appraise the diamond, we will apprise you of its value.
appraise:鑑定,估價 (to set a value on something)。apprise:通知,告知 (to notify or inform)。
 
13. as -- 參見 like
 
14. When they got the assent of the weather bureau, they allowed the enormous balloon to  begin its ascent.
assent:同意,贊成 (agreement, act of agreeing)。ascent:晉升,上升,攀登 (act of rising or climbing )。[注意:accent (重音) 這個字沒有 "s"。]
 
15. aural -- 參見 oral
 
16. awake -- 參見 wake
 
17. I am averse to traveling in such adverse weather conditions.
averse:嫌惡的 (having an active feeling of repugnance or distaste) -- 與 to 連用,後接名詞或動名詞。adverse:不利的,敵對的 (unfavorable, hostile)。
 
18. afflict -- 參見 inflict (No.147)。
 
19. We need a lot (兩個字!) of money. She will allot funds according to need.
a lot:很多 (a considerable quantity or extent)。allot:分配 (to assign as a share or portion)。
 
20. Are you all ready already, or do we have to wait for you?
all ready:完全準備好 (entirely ready, prepared) -- 形容詞片語。already:已經 (by this time) -- 在一指定或暗示的過去、現在或未來時間之前的時間 (priviously, so soon)。
 
21. She would often allude to her childhood, when she would elude her brothers in a game of  hide-and-seek.
allude:(間接地) 提及 (to make indirect reference. refer) -- 與 to 連用。elude:逃避,躲避 (to evade, avoid)。
 
22. allusion -- 參見 illusion (No.136)。
 
23. In mock debates, we used to alternate sides, taking alternative positions.
alternate:輪流,交替 (to perform by turns or in succession)。alternative:二者任擇其一的,選擇的 (offering or expressing a choice)。
 
24. Government agencies tried to alleviate the effects of the depression. They attempted to  ameliorate the job-seeking process.
alleviate:緩和,減輕 (to make less severe)。ameliorate:改良,變好 (to make or become better)。
 
25. With amiable people like the Durwitzes, it's not unusual to have an amicable divorce.
amiable:(個性、性情)和藹可親的,親切的,友善的 (friendly)。amicable:(契約關係上) 友善的 (characterizing contractual relationship with good will, cordiality )。
 
26. among -- 參見 between (No.39)。
 
27. The amount of money you make in a year depends on the number of deals you close.
amount:總數,總額 (measure of something in the aggregate, bulk)。number:數目 (measure of something countable)。
 
28. I am annoyed that my bad back seems to be aggravated by tension.
annoy:煩擾,騷擾,使苦惱 (to irritate, harrass, especially by repeated acts)。aggravate:加重,使 (原已不好的事情變得) 更壞 (to make worse, more serious, or more severe)。
 
29. It's difficult to anticipate [預作準備] things that one doesn't expect.
anticipate:預期,預想,預作準備,預先考慮 (to give advance thought, discussion, or treatment to)。expect:預期,預料,期待,期望 (to look forward to)。
 
30. Juan is apt to do something silly, something that will likely get him in trouble, or even  something that he may be liable for in a court of law.
apt:易於,傾向於 (having a tendency)。likely:有可能的 (having a high probability of occurring or being true)。liable:可能的,易於,應負責的 (obligated according to law or equity. responsible)。
 
31. She wanted a good lawyer, so I told her about my attorney.
lawyer:律師,法律顧問 (one trained to conduct lawsuits for clients or advise as to legal rights and obligations)。attorney:律師,法定代理人 (one who has been paid a retainer to conduct lawsuits or advise as to legal rights and obligations)。
 
32. I'll be back in a while. Can you wait awhile?
a while:不久,即刻 (a short period of time)。awhile:暫時,片刻 (for a while)。[ awhile (一個字) 是副詞,修飾動詞。]
 
33. He told a funny anecdote about mixing up his soda with the snake-bite antidote.
anecdote:短而有趣的故事,軼事 (a short amusing or interesting story about a real person or event)。antidote:解毒劑 (a substance that counteracts the effects of a poison)。
 
34. The eager audience awaited the anxious, sweating performer.
eager:渴望的,焦急的 (marked by enthusiastic or impatient desire or interest)。anxious:渴望的,不安的,憂慮的,掛念的 (characterized by extreme uneasiness of mind or brooding fear)。
 
35. She felt bad about his behaving badly at the conference.
bad:不悅的,討厭的 (unpleasant) -- 形容詞。badly:不良地,惡劣地 (unpleasantly, offensively) -- 副詞。[連綴動詞後面使用形容詞。]
 
36. The man who sings bass in the choir once played third base for the New York Yankees  and is also an expert bass fisherman.
bass:低音 (deep sounding voice, usually male)。base:(棒球) 壘 (one of the corners of a baseball diamond)。第二個 bass 為一種大鱸魚。
 
37. She was afraid of him after seeing his bizarre behavior at the county's annual bazaar.
bizarre:奇怪的,怪異的 (strange, strikingly odd)。bazaar:市場,義賣 (series of stalls, as in a carnival)。
 
38. Besides my unphotogenic aunt and uncle, there were fourteen other people standing  beside the train station.
besides:除...之外 (in addition to)。beside:在...之旁 (next to)。在此均做介系詞用。
 
39. He has divided the money between Carlos and his daughter. He has divided the rest of  his property among his three brothers.
between:事涉兩項時所用的介系詞 (preposition used when two items are in question)。among:事涉兩項以上時所用的介系詞 (preposition used when more than two items are in question)。[這樣的分別對某些人來說可能還不過。請參考字典吧!]
 
40. The economy seemed to slide backwards thanks to the backward government policies.
backwards:向後地,落後地 (characterized by movement in reverse)。backward:向後的,落後的 (less than progressive)。["backward" 可以當副詞或形容詞用;"backwards" 只能當副詞用。]
 
41. 避免使用  biennial (或 bimonthly/biweekly)biannual 等字,而應說 "something happens twice a year/month/week or every other year/month/week."
biennial:兩年一次的;歷經兩年的 (occuring once every two years or lasting two years)。biannual:每年兩次的;每隔一年的 -- 即每兩年的,等於 biennial -- (occuring twice each year or every other year)。
 
42. blatant -- 參見 flagrant
 
43. I was so bored at the Board of Trustees meeting that I fell asleep.
bored:無聊,厭煩 (to make a person uninterested by being dull or to become uninterested)。board:委員會 (a committee)。
 
44. She brought with her all the Christmas gifts she had recently bought.
brought:帶來 -- bring 的過去式。bought:購買 (purchased) -- buy 的過去式。
 
45. He will break the car brake if he keeps pushing on it like that.
break:破壞 (destroy)。brake:煞車 (device for stopping or slowing down something)。
 
46. Every breath counts, so breathe deeply now.
breath:呼吸,氣息 (air inhaled and exhaled in breathing)。breathe:呼吸 (to draw air into and expel it from the lungs)。
 
47. The entire bridal party took a long and pleasant walk along the bridle path.
bridal:新娘的,婚禮的 (pertaining to a wedding)。bridle:馬韁 (pertaining to horses, the gear to guide a horse)。bridle path 為供人騎馬的小路,亦寫成 bridle road 或 bridle way。
 
48. bring -- 參見 take
 
49. 有些人會將 Calvary (耶穌基督被釘十字架的所在地「髑髏地」) 與  cavalry (騎兵 -- 古代騎馬,現在則乘坐直昇機) 這個字搞混。
 
50. You may begin this exercise whenever you can get around to it.
may:可以 (have permission to)。can:能夠 (have the ability to)。[在否定結構中,can 這個字可被用來表示允許:You cannot go to the movies today.]
 
51. You cannot blame him for screaming, "Damn it, Bob! You can not do that anymore!"
cannot:不能 (not able) -- 普通的拼法。can not 是在加強語氣 -- 強調否定。
 
52. We wore canvas shoes while we tried to canvass the entire neighborhood.
canvas:帆布 (coarse, heavy cloth, usually white)。canvass:徹底的檢討,細究,向(人)拉票 (to survey, often for political sentiments)。
 
53. capacity -- 參見 ability
 
54. We went over to the capitol to see the legislators. The capital of Connecticut is Hartford.  The state is running out of capital.
capitol:美國州議會議場;Capitol (大寫):美國國會山莊。前面的 capital:首都,首府;後面的 capital:資金 (funds)。
 
55. If a bride wants a diamond that weighs a carat, it will cost more than a carrot or a caret.
carat:克拉 (鑽石重量單位),開 (表示含純金的量)。carrot:胡蘿蔔。caret:漏字符號 (an editorial mark that means to insert something)。
 
56. The Board of Education has censured the high-school principal because he tried to  censor the student newspaper.
censured:申誡 (condemned, officially reprimanded )。censor:檢查,電檢 (to delete objectionable material; judge)。
 
57. The Pilgrims acted with certitude on matters of faith; others required more certainty.
certitude:確信,篤信 --含有堅信不移的意思 -- (lack of doubt, implying faith )。certainty:確信,確定 -- 含有須要客觀證明的意思 -- (lack of doubt, implying objective proof)。
 
58. Some people thought he was sweet and childlike in his innocence, but I always thought  he was boorish and childish.
childlike:天真無邪的,純潔的,坦率的 -- 指正面的美德 (having the good qualities of being a child)。childish:幼稚的,愚蠢的 -- 指負面的思想和行為 (marked by behavior inappropriate for an adult)。
 
59. I chose the red balloon. Now you choose a balloon of another color.
chose:choose 的過去式。choose:選擇 (select)。
 
60. The climactic moment of a lightning storm, nature's most dramatic climatic event, is a  deafening roll of thunder.
climactic:高潮的,頂點的,極點的 (of, relating to, or constituting a climax)。climatic:氣候的 (related to weather phenomena)。
 
61. His clothes were made of cloths of many different colors.
clothes:衣服 (apparel, garments)。cloth:布 (fabric)。
 
62. We used a coarse sandpaper, of course.
coarse:粗糙的 (rough)。course:過程,方針 (following the ordinary way or procedure)。
 
63. She complimented her sister on the way her scarf complemented her blouse.
compliment:恭維,讚美 (to praise)。complement:補充,補足 (to fill up, match, make something else perfect)。
 
64. The United States of America comprises 50 states. The system is constituted of twelve separate  campuses.
comprise:包括,包含 (to include especially within a particular scope)。constituted of:組成,構成 (made up of)。註:上面前一句「可能」也可寫成 "Fifty states comprise the United States of America." 或 "The United States of America is comprised of 50 states."。這兩句中的 comprise 都是「組成,構成」的意思,但這種用法遭到許多人的批評,所以如果你這麼用,他們可能認為你用錯了字;然而,這兩種用法越來越常見,就連正式的寫作與演說亦屢見不鮮。
 
65. She was confident that her confidant had given her good information.
confident:確信的,相信的 (assured, trustful)。confidant:知己,心腹 (someone whom one trusts)。
 
66. Confounded by the instructor's ambiguous instructions, the students' problems were  compounded by a lack of time to do the exam.
confound:混淆,分不清 (to perplex, frustrate)。compound:增加 (to increase)。
 
67. The word guts denotes one's viscera, one's intestines, but it also connotes determination,  fortitude, persistence, and courage.
denote:(實質的 )意思為 (to mean objectively, as a dictionary definition)。connote:暗示,含意為 (to suggest, as emotional overtones of a word)。
 
68. There was a terrible dinning noise coming from the dining room.
dinning:喧嘩,吵雜 (making an annoying, loud sound) -- 原形為 din。dining:吃飯,用餐 (eating) -- dining room 為飯廳。
 
69. Since no one offered any dissent, we waited a decent interval and then began our descent  to the lower floors.
dissent:反對,不同意 (objection)。decent:可敬的,適當的 (respectable, appropriate)。descent:下降,降落 (downward movement)。
 
70. She didn't seem conscious of the fact that her husband has no conscience.
conscious:覺得的,有知覺的,理解的 (perceiving, apprehending, or noticing -- personally felt)。conscience:良心 (sense of the moral goodness or blameworthiness of your own conduct)。
 
71. Her family grew contemptuous of her contemptible behavior.
contemptuous:表示輕蔑的,藐視的 (exhibiting contempt, scorn)。contemptible:可鄙的,可輕視的 (worthy of contempt and scorn)。
 
72. These continual changes in our weather seem to be related to our continuous emissions  of carbon-monoxide into the atmosphere.
continual:經常不斷的,連續的 -- 中間有短暫的間歇 -- (continuing for a long time with only short breaks)。continuous:不斷的,連續的 -- 中間無間歇 -- (continuing indefinitely in time without interruption)。
 
73. My mother will convince him that she is right. She will persuade him to keep working.
convince:使相信 [to bring (as by argument) to belief, consent]。persuade:說服 (to urge someone into a course of action)。
 
74. She decided to seek the counsel [advice] of the Dorm Council.
counsel:忠告,意見;顧問,律師 。council:會議,議會 (如台北市議會 Taipei City Council),顧問委員會。council 永遠做名詞用,而 counsel 可做名詞或動詞用。
 
75. It didn't seem credible that such a creditable person would say such a horrible thing.
credible:可信的 (believable)。creditable:值得稱讚的,值得信賴的,可靠的 (trustworthy)。
 
76. At first there was only one criterion for becoming Chairperson, but then, suddenly, the  Party imposed several other criteria.
criterion 和 criteria 都是標準,規定 (requirement)的意思;後者是前者的複數。
 
77. My favorite show, Seinfeld, is currently doing re-runs; the new episodes will begin  presently.
currently:目前,眼前 (occuring in or existing at the present time)。presently:不久 (before long: without undue delay)。[presently 這個字過去的意思是「現在」(now),但現今它大多被用來表示「不久」(soon) 的意思。]
 
78. I kept a weekly diary during those years that I worked on the dairy farm.
diary:日記。dairy:牛奶或乳品工廠,酪農場 (place where milk or milk products are produced or sold)。
 
79. If you wish to seem demure, you will have to demur less vociferously.
demure:嚴肅的,端莊的 (modest or reserved)。demur:提出異議,反對 (to object)。例句中的 demur 當不及物動詞用,它也可當名詞用,如 without demur (無異議)。
 
80. denote -- 參見 connote
 
81. Any cool dessert would taste great out here in the sandy desert.
dessert:餐後水果、冰淇淋及其他甜點心。desert:沙漠,不毛之地。
 
82. The prisoner tried to devise a clever device to help him escape.
devise:計畫,發明 (to plan, to invent)。device:裝置 (anything planned or invented for particular purpose)。
 
83. She thought her dog would die after it drank that bowl of blue dye.
die:死亡。dye:顏料,染料,色彩。
 
84. He went from a dilemma to a quandary.
dillemma:進退維谷,左右兩難,困難的選擇 (having a tough choice between two things)。quandary:困境,窘境,困難的選擇 (having a tough choice between many things)。請注意:這兩個字的中文意思雖相同,但英文意思不盡相同。
 
85. They kept their love affair discreet by living discrete lives.
discreet:謹言慎行的,深思熟慮的 (capable of preserving prudent silence)。discrete:不連續的,各自的 (noncontinuous: individually distinct)。
 
86. You will want a disinterested judge. An uninterested judge, however, is a liability.
disinterested:公正的,無私的,不偏不倚的 (free from selfish motive or interest: unbiased: impartial)。uninterested:沒興趣的,冷淡的 (not interested)。
 
87. When asked to disassemble his old jalopy, Charles agreed, seeming to dissemble.
disassemble:拆開,分解 (to take apart)。dissemble:隱藏,掩飾 (感情等) (to hide one's true feelings)。
 
88. dissent -- 參見 decent (No.69)。
 
89. eager -- 參見 anxious (No.34)。
 
90. What effect does this have on you? How does it affect you?
effect:效果,效應,影響 (result; consequence)。affect:影響,假裝 (to influence or to feign, to fake)。
 
91. It was part of the government's economic strategy to direct the military to purchase the  most economical material available.
economic:經濟的,經濟學的 (having to do with economics)。economical:節省的,節儉的 (thrifty, avoiding waste)。
 
92. 當碰到拉丁字或片語的縮寫 (e.g., etc., et al., i.e., sic.) 時,聰明的寫作者都盡量少用或完全不用 (i.e. 現僅用於論文和參考書中)。e.g. 意為 for example (例如),使用英語片語 for example 通常比較好;i.e. 意為 that is (即;就是)。由於這兩個縮寫幾乎都是當做引導用的修飾語,它們的後面通常接逗點。此外,它們都不可以斜體或加底線 。
 
93. We should elect a president before he or she selects members of the cabinet.
elect:選舉,選擇 (to choose, usually by voting)。select:選擇,挑選 (to choose)。
 
94. How did the politicians plan to elicit these obviously illicit campaign funds without   getting caught?
elicit:抽出,移出 (to draw out)。illicit:不法的 (unlawful, illegal)。
 
95. elude -- 參見 allude。(No.21)
 
96. emigrate -- 參見 immigrate
 
97. They were afraid that this eminent figure in world politics was in imminent danger of  being killed.
eminent:聞名的,傑出的,顯著的 (famous, distinguished, outstanding)。imminent:即將來臨的,逼近的 (likely to occur at any moment)。
 
98. She normally had great empathy for people she read about, but she had no sympathy for  these boat people.
empathy:感同身受 。sympathy:同情,憐憫。
 
99. The enormousness of his task seemed overwhelming, and then he found he must slay a  dragon known for the enormity of his evildoings.
enormousness:巨大,極大 (huge size, grand scale)。enormity:極惡,暴行 (monstrousness)。
 
100. He wanted to carve an epigram that he had seen used as an epigraph for his grandfather's  epitaph.
epigram:雋語,警句 (witty and terse saying)。epigraph:題詞,題銘 (saying printed above a poem or above the entrance to a building)。epitaph:墓誌銘 (a saying carved on a tombstone)。
 
101. We would like to ensure good weather for our company picnic, but our insurance  company won't insure good weather with an inexpensive policy.
ensure:確定,確保,使安全 (to make sure, certain, or safe)。insure:保險,投保 (to provide or obtain insurance on or for)。
 
102. One sister liked bugs and studied entomology; the other liked words and went into  etymology.
entomology:昆蟲學 (study of insects)。etymology:語源學 (study of words, word origins, etc.)。
 
103. He especially likes coffee ice-cream. Every week, his wife buys some specially for him
especially:尤其,特別地   -- 強調「超過其他全部」的觀念 -- (particularly, more than other things)。specially:特地,專門地 (for a specific reason)。
 
104. We use our everyday dishes every day.
everyday:日常的,平日的 (commonly used)。every day:每天 (happening on a daily basis)。every 和 day 兩字合寫是形容詞,分寫則是形容詞 every 修飾名詞 day。
 
105. The choirboys exulted when they discovered they were to sing before such an exalted   audience.
exult:狂喜,「樂透了」(to rejoice greatly)。exalted:高貴的,高尚的 (adj. highly praised, highly praiseworthy) -- 若當動詞,則為擢升,提高,讚揚之意。
 
106. expect -- 參見 anticipate。(No.29)
 
107. The general found it expedient to blame his lieutenants for the expeditious progress of  the enemy.
expedient:權宜的,方便的,有利的 (但不一定正當、合法) (convenient, advantageous rather than right)。expeditious:迅速的,敏捷的 (done speedily and efficiently)。
 
108. The document now makes explicit what had been only implicit in the shifty eyes of the  negotiator.
explicit:明確的,不含糊的 (fully revealed or expressed without vagueness, implication, or ambiguity )。implicit:隱含的,含蓄的 (capable of being understood from something else though unexpressed)。
 
109. To what extent have they searched for the extant manuscripts of the Gettysburg Address?
extent:程度,範圍 (scope, range, limit)。extant:現存的 (still existing)。
 
110. An extemporaneous speech is not the same thing as an impromptu speech.
extemporaneous:即席的,即興的 (carefully prepared but delivered without notes or text)。impromptu:即席的,即興的 (delivered without any preparation)。注意:extemporaneous (speech) 是指事先經過周詳的準備,而在發表演說時沒有看稿或看提示紙條的演說;一般字典 (包括數本著名的英英字典) 都將它視為與 impromptu 同義,係事先沒有準備而臨時發表的即席演說,這是不對的。
 
111. Nothing seemed to faze her as she went through the adolescent phase of her life.
faze:困擾。phase:階段,時期。
 
112. 當我們說 "A man is literally an idiot.",意思未必是指他的智商低,我們可能是誇大其詞,說他「簡直就是」或「幾乎就是」白癡 -- he is "virtually" an idiot. 至於 figuratively 則是比喻,暗喻的意思 -- We speak figuratively, calling him a pumpkin-head.
 
113. He showed a flagrant disregard for public morals in his blatant errors of mismanagement.
flagrant:惡名昭彰的,窮兇惡極的 (evil and willful flouting of law or morality)。blatant:極明顯的,令人厭惡的 (glaringly obvious, loudly obnoxious)。
 
114. flammable -- 參見 inflammable (No.146)。
 
115. The football players seemed to flout the referees and continued to brazenly flaunt their  silly, arrogant routine every time they scored.
flout:公然地違抗,藐視 (to disobey openly and scornfully)。flaunt:(厚顏地) 炫耀,誇示 (to display proudly or ostentatiously)。
 
116. The horse-owners began to flounder about in the stands when they saw their horse  founder right at the starting gate.
flounder:著急地來回踱步 (to thrash about wildly)。founder:跌跛 (to go lame and collapse)。 [注意:flounder 的另一意思是比目魚,而 founder 的另一意思是創立者。例如,我們可以說 "That person has founded something." (found 這個字不要跟 find 的過去式搞混了:"She found the flashlight.")] 順便一提的是,see, hear, watch 等感官動詞後面要接原形動詞 (本例為 founder),不可接不定詞 (to founder);若動作是在持續進行中,則這個受詞補語可以用現在分詞 (foundering)。
 
117. She had a foreboding that she was about to meet up with her forbidding father.
foreboding:預感 (feeling that something will happen)。forbidding:嚴厲的,不友善的 (stern, unfriendly)。
 
118. It was a foregone conclusion that the team would forgo all post-season tournaments.
foregone:預知的 (result that can be easily predicted)。forgo:放棄,拋棄 (to give up, go without)。"foregone conclusion" 為一常見的片語意為預知的結果,必然的結果;foregone 的重音在第一音節。
 
119. The missionaries founded a church in an area they found congenial to their beliefs.
founded:建立,創立 (established)。found:發現 (to discover;find 的過去式)。
 
120. I can run farther than you, but let's discuss that further after the race.
farther:更遠地,較遠地 (at or to a greater distance or more advanced point)。further:另外地,更進一步地 (additional, more deeply -- 沒有距離長短的意思 )。
 
121. She has fewer complaints, but she has less energy.
fewer:few 的比較級 (可數)。less:較少的 (不可數)。
 
122. Formerly, we met formally to discuss these matters.
formerly:先前,從前 (at an earlier time, previously)。formally:正式地,合乎形式地,有規則地 (following or according with established form, custom, or rule)。
 
123. The soldiers of the fourth regiment bravely went forth.
fourth:第四。forth:向前,往前 (onward in time, place, or order -- forward)。
 
124. The prosecutor began to gibe the witness when the details of his story did not jibe with  his previous testimony.
gibe:揶揄,嘲笑,諷罵 (to taunt)。jibe:符合 (correspond to)。注意:"jive" (爵士樂歌手及爵士樂愛好者的術語) 並非 "jibe" 的同義字。
 
125. The guerilla soldiers eventually got used to living among the gorillas in the jungle.
guerilla:游擊隊。gorilla:非洲大猩猩。
 
126. She's a good swimmer; she swims well. Aren't you feeling well?
good:美好的,優良的 (形容詞)。well:很好 (副詞)。


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